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Ch.9 Imperialism SG

MWH (Sections 1, 2,4, & 5)

QuestionAnswer
1. What r the 5 major reason/motives for New Imperialism? (P. 286-287) European imperialism didn't begin in until the 1800's. Imperialism= is the domination by 1 country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region. - Economic Interest Spur Expansion the Industrial Revolution created needs &
2. What is the different between direct & indirect imperial ruler? (P. 289) The French practiced direct rule, sending officials and soldiers from France to administer their colonies - The British, by contrast, relied on a system of indirect ruler. The leading imperial power developed several kinds of colonial rulers.
3. How did the Industrial Revolution encourage Imperialism? (P.287) Imperialism= is the domination by 1 country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region. White Man's Burden=Born in India English writer Rudyard Kipling witnessed British imperialism firsthand. His 1899 poem.
3. How did the Industrial Revolution encourage Imperialism? (P.287) Social Darwinism=They applied Darwin's ideas about natural selection and survival of the fittest to human societies. Protectorate=country with its own government but under the cont
Which European countries were involved in the scramble of Africa? what regions did Britain and France colonize? The british battled the Zulus in southern Africa and the Assent in west Africa. The french in west Africa, where he was building his own empire.
Which african country was able to resist Europe Imperialism? (p295 and Imperialism) European met armed resistance across the continent. The Algerians battle the French for years. Samori Tours= fought French forces in west Africa, where he was building his own empire.
David Livingston For 30 years he crisscrossed Africa, he wrote about the many people's he met with more sympathy and less bias than did most European.
Henry Stanley Livingstone blazed a trail that other soon follow. In 1869 the journalist. trekked into central Africa to find Livingstone who had not been heard from for years
The Belgian Congo When Leopold II of Belgium wins international recognition for the Congo Free State in 1885, it is as his own personal fief rather than a Belgian colony.
King Leopoldo 2 of Belgium hired Stanley to explore the Congo river basin and arrange trade treaties with African leaders.
Zulus a nephew of Shaka, Cetshwayo was the last of the great Zulu King. He ruled a disciplined army of about 40,00 men until the British defeated him in 1879.
Boers Wars which lasted from 1899 to 1902 involved bitter guerrillas fighting. The British won in the end but at great cost.
Berlin Conference series of negotiations (Nov. 15, 1884–Feb. 26, 1885) at Berlin, in which the major European nations met to decide all questions connected.
Menelik 2 And Ethiopia began to modernized his country he hired European exports to plan modern road and bridge and set up a. Western school system.
1.Explain the Sepoy Rebellion. What was the major cause for the result (P. 304-305) In 1857, the British issued new rifle to the sepoys. Troops were told to bite off the tips of cartridge Before loading them into the riffle.
2. What was the impact of British colonials rule in India? With their cooperation, the British made India the brightest jewel in the crown if their empire. British policies were designed to incorporate India into the overall British economy.
1.Explain the Sepoy Rebellion. What was the major cause for the result (P. 304-305) When sepoys refused to load the guns, they were imprisoned. Angry sepoys rebelled British troops, as well as women and children.
1.Explain the Sepoy Rebellion. What was the major cause for the result (P. 304-305) Sepoys believed the cartridge were greased with animal fat from crows, which Hindus considered sacred, and from pig, which were forbidden to Muslims
2. What was the impact of British colonials rule in India? At the same time, British officials felt they were helping India to modernize. In their terms modernizing meant adopting not only western technology but also western culture.
3. What were the benefits of British colonial rule in India? (p. 306) On the positive side, British rule brought some degree of peace and order to countryside. Better healthcare and increased food production led to rapid population growth.
3. What were the benefits of British colonial rule in India? (p. 306) The rising numbers, however, put a strain on the food supply, especially as farmland was turned over to growing cash crops instead of food. In the late 1800's terrible famines swept India.
Viceroy In india governed in the name of the queen, and British official held the top positions in the civil service and army.
Sepoys India soldiers in its service, to serve anywhere, either in India or overseas.
British East India Company In the early 1600's the British East India company won trading rights on the fringe off the Mughal Empire. As Mughal power declined, the company's influence grew. By the mid- 1800's it controlled three fifth of India.
Cash Crop In the early years, governments sought to increase earning that could fund development by growing cash crops for exports, such as coffee or cotton.
Brightest Jewel With their cooperation, the British made India the brightest jewel in the crown if their empire. British policies were designed to incorporate India into the overall British economy.
1. Why did the Opium war occur? What was the result? During the late 1700s British merchants began making huge profits by trading opium grown in India for Chinese tea, Which was popular in Britain. Soon, manyChinese had become addicted to the drug.
1. Why did the Opium war occur? What was the result? Silver flowed out of China in payment for the drug, disrupting the economy.
2. What was the Taiping Rebellion? What was the outcome? (311-312) The Traiping Rebellion, which lasted from 1850 to 1864, was probably the most devastating peasant revolt in history. The outcome happen with the of loyak regional governors and gerenal, the government crushed the rebellion
3. What reform efforts occurred in China? (p.311-312) Chinese merchant were allowed to do buswiness, they were not seen as a source of prosperity. Scholar-officals also disapproved of the idea of western missionaries, whose emphassis on individual choice challenged the confucian order.
Which country didn't take part carving out spheres on influence in China? (p.312) The british took the chang river valley. The French acquired the territory near their colony of Indochina. Germany and Russia gained territory in nothern China.
Opium War In1839 chinese warships clashed with British merchants, triggering the opium war. British gunboats, equipped with the latest in firepower, bombarded chinese coastal and river ports.
Treaty of Najing In 1842 Britain made China accept the Treaty of Nanjing.
Taiping Rebellion Which lasted from 1850-1864 was probably the most devastating peasant revolt in history.
Indemnity payment for lesson in the war
Boxer Rebellion Anti-forgien feeling finslly exploded in ther boxer uprising. In 1899, a group of Chinese had formed a secret society, the Righteous Harmonious Fist.
Sun Yixian and the Three principles of the people A passionate spokesman for a chinese republic was Sun Yixian, also known a Sun Yat-sen.
Trade Surplus Under this arrangement, chinaenjoyned a trade surplus, or exported more than it imported.
Trade Deficit Westerners, om the other hand, had a trade deficit which China, buying more from the Chinese rhan they sold to them.
Extraterritoriality China had to open 5 ports to forgien tyrade and grant British citizebs in China Extraterritoriality the right to live under therir own laws and be tired in their own counrt.
Open Door Policy The imperial powers accepted the idea of an Open Door Policy, as it came to be Called.
Self Strengthening Movement In the 1860s reformers launched the self-strengthenning movement. They imported Western Technology setting up factories to make modern weapons.
Cash Crop A crop, such as tobacco, grown for direct sale rather than for livestock feed.
Created by: eTall