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Religion final exam

eastern religion vocab

TermDefinition
Dharma the doctrine or law, as revealed by the Buddha; also the correct conduct of each person according to his or her level of awareness.
Four Noble Truths The foundation of Buddhism teaching; 1. Life inevitably involves suffering, 2. Suffering is caused by greed, 3. Suffering will cease when greed ceases, 4. There is a way to realize this state: the Noble Eightfold Path
Eightfold Path The eightfold path is a systematic approach so that human beings could extricate themselves from suffering and achieve the final goal of liberation. This offers ways to purify the mind.
Karma Our actions and their effects on this live an lives to come.
Nirvana The ultimate egoless state of bliss.
Anicca impermanence
Dukkha suffering
Anatta no soul, or absence of permanent identity.
Arhant worthy one; one who has found nirvana in life.
Theravada The remaining orthodox school in Buddhism, which adheres closely to the earliest scriptures and emphasizes individual efforts to liberate the mind from suffering.
Triple Gem The three jewels of Buddhism: Buddha, Dharma, Sangha
Meditation A practice in which an individual trains the mind or induces a mode of consciousness, either to realize some benefit or as an end in itself.
Mahayana The "great vehicle" in Buddhism, the more liberal and mystical Northern school, which stresses the virtue of altruistic compassion rather than intellectual efforts at individual salvation.
Bodhisattva In Mahayana Buddhism, one who has attained enlightenment but renounces nirvana for the sake of helping all sentient beings in their journey to liberation from suffering.
Sunyata voidness,the transcendental ultimate reality in buddhism.
Zen Buddhism A Chinese and Japanese Buddhist school emphasizing that all things have buddha-nature, which can only be grasped when one escapes from the intellectual mind.
Zazen Zen Buddhists sitting meditation.
Koan In Zen Buddhism, a paradoxical puzzle to be solved without ordinary thinking.
Sanzen going to a zen master for instruction.
Satori Enlightenment, realization of the ultimate truth, in Zen buddhism.
Dalai Lama the rebirth in a line of tulkus who are considered to be manifestations of the bodhisattva of compassion, AvalokiteĊ›vara; a high lama in the Gelug or "yellow Hat" school of Tibetan Buddhism.
Mandala A symmetrical image, with shapes emerging from a center, used as a meditational focus.
The Three Bodies of Buddha 1st: formless enlightened wisdom of a Buddha; 2nd is the body of bliss of a Buddha, an aspect that communicates with the Dharma to bodhisattvas; 3rd is the emanation body, whereby a Buddha manifests in countless forms to help liberate suffering beings.
Tibetan Buddhism A form of Mahayana Buddhism with an admixture of indigenous animism that is practiced in Tibet, Mongolia, Bhutan, and neighboring areas.
Tao The Way; the way of ultimate reality; transcendent.
Tao Te Ching The Way and its power (or energy).
Wu Wei "Not doing", in a sense of taking no action contrary to the natural flow.
Ch'i energy
Yin and Yang Yin: the dark, receptive, "female" energy in the universe. Yang: the bright, assertive, "male" energy in the universe.
T'ai chi ch'uan (Taiji quan) An ancient Chinese system of physical exercises, which uses slow movements to help one become part of the universal flow of energy.
Li Ceremonies, rituals, and rules of proper conduct
Ren (Jen) Humanity, benevolence - the central Confucian virtue.
Wen the art of peace
Chun tzu the Confucian ideal of a perfected human being
Te (De) Virtue
Created by: formula1fan
 

 



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