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Ancient Rome

Study Guide for Ancient Rome Quarterly Assessment

QuestionAnswer
Who was Julius Caesar? What happened to Julius Caesar? Julius Caesar was a Roman politician who declared himself dictator for life in 44 B.C. On March 15, 44 B.C. Caesar was stabbed to death by a group of Roman Senators.
Identify and Compare the following Greek Influences on Roman Culture: religion, architecture, entertainment, government Religion: Polytheism- each 12 major gods and goddesses Architecture: Columns, stadiums and amphitheater Government: Republic democracy, rights of citizenship Entertainment: Athletics, theater, Olympic games
Identify 1 similarity and 1 difference between the governments of Ancient Rome and the United States Executive, Legislative, Citizenship, Balance of Power
Why would Roman law change as the Empire expanded? Law needed to be the same throughout the Empire.
Explain how the Roman People benefited from the following pieces of Roman architecture: Aqueducts and the Coliseum. Aqueducts would provide fresh water to the city for the people The Coliseum would provide entertainment for the people of Rome
What would be some cultural and scientific legacies left by the Ancient Romans? Strong Government, Army, Transportation, Infrastructure. Also used ideas of Greeks.
What were the major causes for the fall of the Roman Empire? Weak, Corrupt Rulers - Economic Problems, Germanic Invasions
Where was Rome located in Europe? How did this location help make Rome successful? Modern Italy, Rome was located at the center of the Italian Peninsula which is at the center of the Mediterranean Sea.
How did Christianity spread so quickly throughout the Roman Empire? Roman Roads, Emperor Constantine making the religion the official religion.
What are some of the “items” that Romans traded and moved on their road system? Roads were built by soldiers Items Include: goods, ideas, people.
Compare the Gladiator Games of Ancient Rome to Professional Sports today Gladiator: mostly slaves would fight to the death. Famous area the Colosseum. Seating areas, used tickets, public fountains/food. Professional Sports: Games are played in arenas, professional athletes are paid, fans buy tickets,sit in designated areas
Created by: jeff.magill