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Feudalism Chapter 2

The Development of Feudalism in Western Europe TCI Chapter 2

Feudalism The economic and political system of medieval Europe in which people exchange loyalty and labor for a lord's protection.
Roman Catholic Church A church that Christians could be baptized into.
Pope A leader of the Catholic Church.
Monarch A king or a queen that all the land in the kingdom belongs to, expected to keep order and to provide protection for vassals.
fief Land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service.
manor A large estate, which included a castle or house, one or more village, and the surrounding farmland. Located in the country, far from other towns.
Divine Rights Monarchs belief of the idea that God had given them the right to rule.
noble Monarchs had to depend on these people to provide enough knights and soldiers.
Duke A powerful person that believes they have the right to the throne.
hierarchy Large size and central locations made castles visual reminders of the power of the ruling classes.
armor An outfit worn to protect you in a battle.
chivalry The medieval Knight's code of ideal behavior, including bravery, loyalty, and respect for woman.
Why is William the Conqueror considered an important monarch? William the Conqueror is considered an important monarch because after his victory at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William brought the idea of feudalism to England.
What were Charlemagne’s greatest accomplishments? He unified nearly all the Christian lands of Europe into a single empire.
How was Charlemagne helped by the Catholic Church? The Pope gave him the blessing and the church was the center part of society.
Why was there a need for order after the death of Charlemagne in 814? Rulers after Charlemagne failed to defend the empire against invasions, so Europe was threatened by Muslims, Magyars, and Vikings.
What responsibilities did monarchs have in the feudal system? Keep order, supply protection for vassals, and run the kingdom
What was the role of noblewomen in the feudal system? Raise and train their own children with other children of noble families and oversee household(s)
What responsibilities did lords have in the feudal system? manage and defend manors and his land and the people who worked it, acted as judges, appointed officials, supplied soldiers, and fought for their own lords in time of war.
What was the code of chivalry? Have respect for women, have loyalty, and have bravery.
What stages did a boy go through to become a knight? A page or servant at the age of 7 and live with a lord,where he learned skills such as how to ride a horse and how to sing.After 7 years,become a squire,where he learned how to fight as a warrior.A deserving squire became a knight in their early 20s
What responsibilities did knights have in the feudal system? Be loyal to their church and their lord, be just and fair, and to protect the helpless.
How were the lives of male and female peasants different? In addition, peasant women had to care for their families and homes.
What responsibilities did peasants have in the feudal system? Raise crops, tend livestock, pay taxes to the lord, carpenters, shoemakers, and smiths.
Created by: jkirkpatrick97