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Medieval Europe

Study Guild over Ch.8 Medieval Europe for History Class

King of the Franks in 486. Conquered the Roman province of Gaul. Clovis
Part of the Franks. Defeated Muslims at the Battle of Tours. Charles Martel
Unified Western Europe. Pope Leo III crowned him as king. Charlemagne
Man who started school in Charlemagne. Alcuin of York
Started monastery St. Benedict
First frier St. Francis of Assisi
Former monk who stopped simony and fought lay investiture Pope Gregory Vll
The period of history in between ancient and modern times Medieval
Sparsely populated, undeveloped are on the outskirts of civilization Frontier
Government officials Missi Dominici
Formal coarse of study Curriculum
Loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater lord Feudalism
A lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord Fief
People payed highest loyalty to this person Liege Lord
Nobel in Europe who served as a mounted warrior for a lord in the Middle Ages Knight
Mock battle in which knights would compete against one another to show off their fighting skills Tournaments
Required knights to be brave, loyal, and true to their word Chivalry
Wandering poet Troubadours
Lord's estate Manor
Peasant bound to the lord's land Serfs
Sacred ritual of the Roman Catholic Church Sacraments
Tithe Payment to a church equal to one tenth of a person's income
Having to do with worldly, rather than religious, matters Secular
Authority of medieval popes over all secular rulers Papal Supremacy
Body of laws of a church Canon Law
Exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey church law Excommunication
Excommunication of an entire region, town, or kingdom Interdict
Selling of church offices Simony
Monk who traveled throughout Europe's growing towns to preach to the poor Friar
Prejudice against Jews Anti-Semitism
A written document that set out the rights and privileges of a town Charter
Money or wealth investment Capital
Group of merchants who joined together to finance a large scale venture that would have been costly for any individual trader Partnership
Issued by a banker in one city to a merchant who could exchange it for cash in a distant city, thus freeing him from traveling with gold, which was easily stolen Bill of Exchange
Someone who would pay rent to a lord in order to farm the land Tenant Farmer
New class of people who stood between nobles and peasants Middle Class
Practice of lending money with interest Usury
Association of merchants who cooperated to protect their economic interest Guilds
Watched guild work in order to learn skill Apprentice
Higher than an apprentice and was payed a salary in a guild Journeymen
Name the 7 Sacraments Initiation- Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist Healing- Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick Vocation- Marriage, Holy Orders
What was the importance of castles? When under attack, all villagers went there for protection. House of a Lord
What is the difference between monks and friars? Monks have monasteries to live in while friars are homeless
Agricultural inovations Iron plows, windmills, crop rotations, horse plow
Functions of the Church Provided housing, education, and care
New business practices Insurance, banks, partnership
Role of women They often were hostages and were traded into marriage for political advantages
Created by: mwhitehead