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Mesopotamia Ch. 3

BMMS Mesopotamia Ch. 3

Mesopotamia the region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. It's a Greek word that means "Land Between the Rivers"
floodplain the flat land bordering a river
silt the fine soil deposited by floodwaters
semiarid having little rainfall and warm temperatures
drought period of little rainfall
surplus an amount of a good, such as food, in excess of what is needed
civilization an advanced form of culture
Sumer an ancient region of southern Mesopotamia
city-state a self governing political unit that includes a city and nearby farmlands
ziggurat an ancient Sumerian or Babylonian temple that rose in a series of steplike levels
polytheism a belief in many gods or goddesses
king the leader of a group of people
bronze a metal made from copper and tin
pictograph a picture or drawing that represents a word or an idea
stylus a sharpened reed used to press markings into clay
cuneiform a type of writing made up of wedge-shaped markings
scribe a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper
theocracy a form of government in which a country is ruled by religious leaders
Fertile Crescent The term describes a crescent-shaped area of arable land.
division of labor the breakdown of labor into its components and their distribution among different persons, groups, or machines to increase productive efficiency
epic-poem telling a story about a hero or about exciting events or adventures
priest one authorized to perform the sacred rites of a religion
Gilgamesh a legendary Sumerian king and hero of an epic poem
social hierarchy society's categorization of its people into rankings of socioeconomic tiers based on factors like wealth, income, social status, occupation and power
Created by: fish