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religion in EME

religion in the early modern era ( shaping the modern world)

*Martin Luther german protestant priest, 1517 reformation, posted 99 thesis going against churches ideas, made a schisim in church
inquisition protected the church like "police", fought heretics, maintained christian belief
induldences used by roman catholics to wash away sins
reformation spread of new ideas in religion, protestant, sckeptital attitude towards athority,
spread of protestant churches to china and spain, allowed people to interprit the bible the way they wanted to,
Henry VIII issued edict of french protestants
*cathlic countar-reformation the proteast breakaway combined with reformist tendencies in the cathlic church, tried to correct the corruption of the protestant movement, missionary attempts
missinary movements euro missionaries went all over the world to get as many people possiable to belives in the religion they wanted them to belive to gain power
*religious syncretism many of the places that protestant ideas were spread to incorperated their own ideas and faiths into it which branched off into different protestant religions, fusions of diverse religions and belifes
mesoamerican and andean were forced to leave old religion and listen to missionaries, saw themselves as christians, some resistance,
catholicism the spaniards branch of christianity, blended with native culture
*jesuits in china leading missionary order in china, carried secular knowledge of europe, tried to integrate christianity into china by accommodating chinese culture to it
early modern spread of islam spread by sufis, scholars, itinerant traders, did not threaten authority, americas africa,
*wahhabi movement al-wahhab's mission to purify islamic religion back to how it originally was, 1700's, was able to bring back old islam to arabia and expand al-wahhab's ideas, tried to get people to stop worshiping idols
neo-confucianism confucian framework with ideas from buddhism and daoism to generate a system of thought
*wang yangming an influential thinker, ming china, neo-confucius, said that every one is capable of thinking without education, individualism, went against traditional confucianism, similar to ML
kaozheng research based on evidence, helped chinese culture take shape, applied to study of past
bhakti movement new form of religious expression that was a devotional form of hinduism, apealed to woman because it gave them more religious freedom
*sikhism blend of muslim and hindu elements, religious movement through peace, guru nanak
scientific revolution inquiry to how nature works, started a new way of thinking based on reason, challenged church authority, started in europe because it had universities and gave a lot of independence to do what they pleased
universities many important figure from scientific revolution studied at, mostly in europe, allowed people to be independent
copernicus preposed that the sun was the center of the universe
kepler discovered laws of planetary motion, planets elliptical orbit
galileo improved telescope, discoveries about stars and space
newton laws of motion, gravitational discoveries
catholic church response to scientific revolution burned a scientist at the stake, accommodated scientific ideas as showing something separate from religion
*enlightenment inquiry to how society works, inspired by scientific revolution, answers to what people are like and, therefore how do you make a good society, reason, rationality, philosophical thinking
smith enlightenment veiws, belived that people are greedy, therefore they create a market where they compeate for personal gain
deism god was sometimes compared to clockmaker,his job was to make the univese but is not always present
pan-theism when people belive that god and people are identical, god did not just make things but is in everything
locke enlightenment veiws, belived that people are trust worthey and can handle liberty, therefore the government must defend their lives, liberty, and property
kant enlightenmnet veiws, belived that man are cowards and do not want to understand things, threrefore the government must guide them show them how to live
*enlightenment veiws on women the question of womans' nature, role in society, and education, the common veiw of women was theat they were different from and infirior to men, the enlightenment contridicted these veiws, statred huge debate
*enlightenment veiws on progress centreal theme of enlightenment, idea that human society was not a fixed tradition but could be improved by human actions guided by reason
hobbes enlightenment views, belived that people are greedy, equal, and have no natural morality, threrefore one ruler must take away freedom to provide order for the better good
Created by: nsteiner23