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WS Unit 6

Religious Conflicts

TermDefinition
Palestine Also called Holy Land. Biblical name Canaan. An ancient country in southwest Asia, on the east coast of the Mediterranean.
Jerusalem A city in and the capital of Israel: an ancient holy city and a center of pilgrimage for Jews, Christians, and Muslims; divided between Israel and Jordan 1948–67; Jordanian sector annexed by Israel 1967; capital of Israel since 1950.
Zionism A worldwide Jewish movement that resulted in the establishment and development of the state of Israel.
West Bank An area in the Middle East, between the West Bank of the Jordan River and the east frontier of Israel: occupied in 1967 and subsequently claimed by Israel; formerly held by Jordan.
Gaza Strip A coastal area on the eastern Mediterranean: formerly in the Palestine mandate, occupied by Israel 1967–94; since 1994 under Palestinian self-rule.
Judaism The monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its foundations in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the Talmud.
Orthodox Jew Follows the principles and practices of traditional Judaism by studying the Torah, daily synagogue attendance if possible, and strict observance of the Sabbath, religious festivals, holy days, and the dietary laws.
Reform Jew A Jew who adheres to a system of religious worship adapted from Orthodox Judaism to meet the demands of contemporary life, frequently simplifying or rejecting traditional religious law and custom
Oslo Accord An agreement between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993 recognizing each other, the PLO renounced terrorism, Israel agreed to withdraw military and civil authorities from the Gaza Strip, West Bank town of Jericho & grant self-rule
Hamas A Palestinian Islamic fundamentalist movement engaged in grass-roots organizing and armed resistance and terrorism against Israel.
Hezbollah A radical Shiʿite Muslim organization in Lebanon engaged in guerrilla warfare against Israel.
Fatah A Palestinian terrorist organization, founded in 1956, with the aim of destroying the state of Israel: it has splintered into rival factions since 1988
Intifada A revolt begun in December 1987 by Palestinian Arabs (mostly youth) to protest Israel's occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Refugee A person who flees for refuge or safety, especially to a foreign country, as in time of political upheaval, war, etc.
Refugee camp Shelter for persons displaced by war or political oppression or for religious beliefs
Checkpoint A place along a road, border, etc., where travelers are stopped for inspection.
Partition An interior wall or barrier dividing a room, area of a building, country (Ulster), etc., into separate areas.
Easter Rising An armed insurrection in Dublin in 1916 against British rule in Ireland: the insurgents proclaimed the establishment of an independent Irish republic before surrendering, 16 of the leaders later being executed
Curfew An order establishing a specific time in the evening after which certain regulations apply, especially that no civilians or other specified group of unauthorized persons may be outdoors or that places of public assembly must be closed.
Gaelic/Celtic A Celtic language that includes the speech of ancient Ireland and the dialects that have developed from it.
Home rule Self-government in local matters by a city, province, state, colony, or the like.
Integrated vs. segregated Pertaining to a group or society whose members interact on the basis of commonly held norms or values vs. restricted to one group, especially exclusively on the basis of racial or ethnic membership: segregated neighborhoods.
IRA The Irish Republican Army was an Irish republican revolutionary military organization. It was descended from the Irish Volunteers, an organization established on 25 November 1913 that staged the Easter Rising in April 1916
Unionist An upholder of the legislative union of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Loyalism/Loyalist A person who remains loyal to the British in Ireland.
Nationalism/Nationalist A number of parliamentary political parties and constituency organizations supportive of Home Rule for Ireland from 1874 to 1922. It was also the name of the main Nationalist Party in Northern Ireland from 1921 to 1978.
Republican An ideology based on the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
Sectarian Narrowly confined or limited in interest, purpose, scope, etc.
Paramilitary An organization operating as, in place of, or as a supplement to a regular military force:
Sinn Fein a political organization in Ireland, founded about 1905, advocating the complete political separation from Great Britain of a unified Ireland.
Ulster A former province in Ireland, now comprising Northern Ireland and a part of the Republic of Ireland.
“The Troubles” The conflict in Northern Ireland between Unionist and loyalists (Protestants) who want Northern Ireland to remain within the United Kingdom and Irish nationalists and republicans (Catholics), who want to leave the UK and join a united Ireland.
Created by: raiver