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Anthropology 101

Politics, Power, and Violence

QuestionAnswer
Power The ability of individuals or groups to impose their will upon others and make them do things even against their own wants or wishes.
Political Organization The way power, as the capacity to do something, is accumulated, arranged, executed, and structurally embedded in society; the means through which a society creates and maintains social order and reduces social disorder
Band A relatively small and loosely organized kin-ordered group that inhabits a specific territory and that may split periodically into smaller extended family groups that are politically independent
Tribe The term for a range of kin-ordered groups that are politically integrated by some unifying factory and whose members share a common ancestry, identity, culture, language, and territory
Chiefdom A politically organized society in which several neighboring communities inhabiting a territory are united under a single ruler
State A political institution established to manage and defend a complex, socially stratified society occupying a defined territory
Nation A people who share a collective identity based on a common culture, language, territorial base, and history
Legitimacy In politics, the right of political leaders to govern- to hold, use, and allocate power-based on the values a particular society embraces
Cultural Control Control through beliefs and values deeply internalized in the minds of individuals
Social Control External control through open coercion.
Sanction An externalized social control designed to encourage conformity to social norms.
Law Formal rules of conduct that, when violated, effectuate negative sanctions
Created by: crescenti