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Unit 3 Study Guide

Unit 3 test terms

TermDefinition
Scientific Revolution People began using experiments and mathematics to understand mysteries. Study of nature became more organized.
Roger Bacon One of the earliest to favor a system of scientific experimentation, rather than faithful acceptance of religious ideas and ancient beliefs as means of finding truth
Scientific Method Repeated experiments make sure they are same results. Drew conclusions about what they observed.
Nicolaus Copernicus Argued the sun was the center of the earth. Developed heliocentric or "sun centered" theory.
Johannes Kepler German astronomer who helped confirm Copernicius's new findings. Mathematician who used models, observation, and mathematics to test the heliocentric theory
Galileo Galilei Italian scientist helped confirm heliocentric findings. Built his own telescope, and began studying the heavens. Argues not every heavenly body revolves around earth
Isaac Newton English scientist published a book. Proposed law of universal gravitation. Explained laws of motion and developed mathematical means of measuring motion
Andreas Vesalius Flemish scientist, pioneered study of anatomy. Book helped gain visual understanding of components in body and how work together.
William Harvey English physician, using labratory experiments, studied circulation of blood. Described how blood moves through veins and arteries. Observed organs like the heart.
Rene Descartes Leader of Scientific Revolution. Developed philosophy based on own reason. Discourse on Method, all assumptions had to be proven with facts.
Francis Bacon English philosopher and scientist. Believed scientific theories could be developed through observation. No assumptions could be trusted.
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek Dutch scientist used the microscope, to discover bacteria. Studied and wrote about whole range of tiny life forms, never seen by human eye.
Robert Boyle An English- Irish scientist helped to pioneer modern science of chemistry. Showed that temperature and pressure affect space that a gas occupies
Compass European navigators learned they could magnetize an iron needle. Rubbed needle on piece of lodestone. Floated on water pointed North.
Commercial Revolution Improved ways of doing buisness. Europeans changed basic economic practices.
Joint- Stock Company Individual merchants joined together into a new business. Owners raised money by shares, or stock.
Mercantilism Stated that a country's government should do all it could to increase country's wealth, which was measured by amount of gold and silver country possessed.
Favorable balance of trade A country selling more goods than it bought from other countries
Tarrifs Important taxes
Subsides Grants of money
Colonies Major role in mercantilism. People provided strong markets for its manufactured goods
Colombian Exchange Massive exchange between New and Old world of Europe with products, plants, animals, and even diseases.
Christopher Columbus German navigator, had studied writings of Marco Polo and Ptolemy's description of a round Earth. Actually discovered island of the Americas
Hernan Cortes Invaded Mexico. Siezed Montezuma. Captured and destroyed great Aztec city of Tenochtitlan.
Fransisco Pizarro Led 180 men and 37 horses on an expedition. Destroyed many Aztec and Inca statues and temples.
Created by: tatummilo333