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Pysiological Responses and Adaptations to Exercise

SystemAcute ResponsesChronic Adaptations
Skeletal Decrease in viscosity of synovial fluid Increased tendon strength, Increased thickness of cartilage at the joints, Increased bone density.
Muscular Increased production of energy (ATP) at the muscle cell, Increase in muscle temperature, Increased blood flow to exercising muscles Increased strength and endurance levels in muscle, Increased muscle size, Increased ability to utilize oxygen
Cardiovascular Increased cardiac output, Decreased blood flow to areas of low activity, Increased risk of blood pooling Decreased resting heart rate, Increased size and strength of heart, Decreased blood pressure
Respiratory Increased depth and rate of respiration, Increased exchanges of gasses in the lungs Decreased speed and increased depth of resting respiration rate, Increased number of capillary beds for exchange of gases.
Digestive Decreased blood flow to organs of the digestive system Increased mobility in the intestine promotes regularity
Metabolic factors Maintain or increase basal metabolic rate Decreased total cholesterol, Increased HDL cholesterol, Decreased LDL cholesterol
Nervous No significant or immediate effects, Increased nerve impulses Improved reaction time, Increased sense of perception of movement
Created by: LisaSceviour