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Ch. 4 - bvick.wh

The Ancient Greeks

TermDefinition
Peninsula body of land with water on three sides
Colony settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties with its homeland
polis the early Greek city
Agora in early Greek city states an open area that served as both a market and a meeting place
Tyrant person who takes power by force and rules with total authority
Oligarchy government in which a small group of people holds power
Democracy government in which all citizens share in running the government
Helot person who was conquered and enslaved by the ancient Spartans
Satrapies the 20 states into which Darius divided the Persian Empire
Satrap official who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius
Zoroastrianism Persian monotheistic religion
direct democracy system of government in which people gather at mass meetings to decide on government matters
Representative democracy system government in which citizens choose a smaller group to make laws and governmental decisions on their behalf
Philosopher thinker who seeks wisdom and ponders questions about life
Pericles great statesman of Athens after the Persian War
Aspasia famous female teacher in Athens
Cyrus the Great united the Persians
Darius reorganized the Persian government into 20 satraps
Xerxes son of Darius who wanted revenge
Themistocles Athenian general who came up with the plan to fight the Persians
Solon reformed the government and cancelled the debts of slaves and farmers
Peisistratus tyrant seized power by the support of the poor landless farmers
Cleisthenes created a council of 500 citizens to help the assembly carry out daily business
Crete island southwest of the Greek mainland
Peloponnesus peninsula in Greece
Created by: bvick.wh