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Digestive system

QuestionAnswer
The digestive system is AKA The Gastrointestinal(GI)system
Or/o OR stomat/o Oral cavity(mouth)
Digestive begins in the Oral cavity(mouth)
Digestive is the Breaking down of food into small parts
Oral Pertaining to the oral cavity(mouth)
Herpetic stomatitis Inflammation of the oral cavity(mouth)caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus 1 (HSVI)cold sores of fever blisters
Mechanical digestion involves Mastication(chewing)
Bucc/o Cheek
Buccal Pertaining to a cheek
Gloss/o OR lingu/o Tongue
Glossectomy Surgical removal of the tongue
Sublingual Pertaining to under the tongue AKA hypoglossal
Glossorrhaphy Suturing of the tongue
Glossopathy Disease condition of the tongue
Chemical digestion includes the secretion of: 1.)Saliva 2.)HCl<-(should be a lower case "L")
HCI stands for HydroChloric acid
Hydrochloric acid (HCl<-lower case L)is found in the stomach
Gingiv/o Gingiva(e)AKA gums
Gingivitis Inflammation of the gingivae(gums)
Gingivectomy Surgical removal of a gingiva
Palat/o Hard palate AND/OR soft palate
The hard and soft palate are located in the Superior(upper)portion of the oral cavity(mouth)
Palatitis Inflammation of a palate
Palatoplasty Surgical repair of a palate
Pharyng/o Pharynx AKA throat
Pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx(throat)
Esophag/o Esophagus
The esophagus is the Tube(duct)connecting the pharynx (throat)AND the stomach
Esophagotomy A surgical incision of the esophagus
Esophagoscope A lighted instrument to view the esophagus
Esophageal atresia A (congenital)closure of the esophagus
Gastr/o Stomach
The stomach is located in the Left Upper Quadrant(LUQ)of the abdomen
Gastritis Inflammation of the stomach
Gastrotomy Surgical incision of the stomach
Gastrostomy An artificial opening in the stomach
Gastrectomy Surgical removal of the stomach
Stomatogastric Pertaining to the oral cavity AND stomach
Gastroscopy The process of viewing the stomach with a lighted instrument
Gastrodynia A condition of stomach pain
NasoGastric(NG) Pertaining to the nose AND stomach
Esophagogastroplasty Surgical repair of the esophagus AND stomach
GERD stands for GastroEsophageal Reflux Disease
Reflux means Regurgitation OR backflow
Duoden/o Duodenum
The Duodenum is the First section of the small intestine(small bowel)
EsophagoGastroDuodenoscopy(EGD) The process of viewing the esophagus,stomach,AND duodenum with a lighted instrument
Jejun/o Jejunum
The Jejunum is the Second section of the small intestine(small bowel)
Jejunojejuno anastomosis Joining one section of the jejunum to another section of the jejunum
anastomosis means Joining
Gastrojejunostomy An artificial opening between the stomach AND jejunum
Ile/o Ileum
The Ileum is the Third section of the small intestine(small bowel)
Ilum is the Bone in the pelvis
Ileostomy An artificial opening into the ileum
Enter/o Small intestive OR small bowel
Dysentery A condition of painful small intesine(small bowel)
Enterorrhaphy Sutering of the small intestine(small bowel)
Gastroenteritis Inflammation of the stomach AND the small intestine(small bowel)
Gastroenterologist A specialist in the study of the stomach AND small intestine(small bowel)
Cec/o Cecum
The cecum is the First section of the large intestine(large bowel OR colon)
Ileocecal Pertaining to the ileum AND the cecum
Append/o OR appendic/o Appendix
The Appendix is a Finger like projection of the cecum
The appendix is located in the Right Lower Quadrant(RLQ)of the abdomen
More specifically,the appendix is located in the Right inguinal(iliac) region of the abdomen
Appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix
Laparoscopic appendectomy("appy") Surgical removal of the appendic using a lighted instrument inserted into the abdomen
Inflamed is spelled with One "M"
The ascending colon is the Second section of the large intestine(large bowel OR colon)
The transverse colon is the third section of the large intestine(large bowel OR colon)
The descending colon is the Fourth section of the large intestine(large bowel OR colon)
Sigmoid/o Sigmoid colon
The Sigmoid colon is the Fifth section of the large intestine(large bowel OR colon)
Sigmoidscope A lighted instrument to view the sigmoid colon
Sigmoidoscopy Viewing the sigmoid colon with a lighted instrument
Rect/o Rectum
The rectum is the Sixth section of the large intestine(large bowel OR colon)
Rectocele A herniation of the rectum
An/o Anus
The anus is the Last section of the large intestine(large bowel OR colon) AND contains a sphincter which is ring of muscles that opens and closes
Anoplasty Surgical repair of the anus
Proct/o Anus and rectum
Proctologist A specialist in the study of the anus AND rectum
Proctoptosis Drooping OR sagging of the anus AND rectum AKA prolapse of the anus AND rectum
Proctoscope A lighted instrument to view the anus AND rectum
Proctosigmoidoscopy Process of viewing the anus,rectum,AND sigmoid colon with a lighted instrument
Col/o OR colon/o Colon OR large bowel OR large intestine
Colitis Inflammation of the colon (large intestine OR large bowel)
Ulcerative Colitis(UC) Inflammation of the colon (large intestine OR large bowel)AND the presence of ulcers(erosions)
Colotomy A surgical incision of the colon(large intestine OR large bowel)
Colectomy Surgical removal of the colon(large intestine OR large bowel)
Colonscope A lighted instrument to view the colon (large intestine OR large bowel)
Colonscopy The process of viewing the colon(large intestine OR large bowel)with a lighted instrument
Colostomy An artificial opening into the colon(large intestine OR large bowel)
Gastroenterocolitis Inflammation of the stomach,small intestine AND colon(large intestine OR large bowel)
Hepat/o Liver
The liver is located in the Right Upper Quadrant(RUQ)of the abdomen
The liver is made up of sections called Lobes
The liver is responsible for creating Bile
The function of bile is to Emulsify(emulsification)
Emulsify(emulsification) means To break up fats
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver
Hepatoma Tumor or mass of the liver
Hepatomegaly Enlargement of the liver
Chole- Bile OR gall(by golly)
Cholecyst/o Gall bladder
The gall bladder is responsible for Storing bile
The gall bladder is located inferior to the liver
Choledoch/o Bile duct(vessel)
Bile ducts carry bile from the liver to the gall bladder AND from the Gall bladder to the duodenum
Choledocholithiasis An abnormal condition of a stone(s)in a bile duct
Choledocholithotomy A surgical incision of a bile duct to remove a stone(s)
Choedocholithectomy A surgical removal of a stone(s)from a bile duct
Choledochlithotripsy Crushing a stone(s)in a bile duct
Cholangioma A tumor or mass of a bile vessel
Cholangiogram A record of a bile vessel
Cholecystitis Inflammation of the gall bladder
Cholecystogram A record of a gall bladder
Cholelithiasis An abnormal condition of a gall stone(s)
Pancreat/o Pancreas
The Pancreas is located Posterior to the stomach(retrogastric)
The pancreas creates enzymes that will Aid in chemical digestion
enzyme(s) Chemical catayst(s)
A catalyst causes a reaction to occur
Pancreatic Pertaining to the pancreas
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
Peritone/o OR abdomin/o OR lapar/o Abdomen
Peritoneal Pertaining to the peritoneum(abdominal lining)
Peritonitis Inflammation of the abdominal lining(peritoneum)
Abdominal Pertaining to the abdomen
Abdominoplasty Surgical repair of the abdomen
Abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdomen
Laparotomy Surgical incision of the abdomen
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy Excision of the gall bladder using a lighted instrument inserted through small surgical openings in the abdomen
Diverticul/o Diverticulum
Diverticula are Vesicular (blister-like)lesions that can develop in the large bowel
Diverticulosis A abnormal condition of diverticula
Diverticulitis Inflammation of the diverticula
Diverticulectomy Surgical removal of a Diverticulum
Polyp/o Polyp
A polyp is a Premalignant lesion that can be found in the colon(large intestine OR large bowel)
Polyposis An abnormal condition of a polyp(s)
Polypectomy Surgical removal of a polyp(s)
Adhesion(s) Tissue sticking together that should not stick together
Stoma Any artificial opening
Dysphagia A condition of difficult OR painful swallowing
Aphagia (g-gag) A condition of no swallowing
Dysphasia (s-speech) A condition of difficult speech
Bradypepsia(bradypepsic) A condition of slow digestion
Dyspepsia(dyspepsic) A condition of difficult digestion AKA indigestion
Herni/o Hernia
A hernia is a Protrusion of an organ through the tissue in which it is normally enclosed AKA a "rupture"
Herniorrhaphy Suturing of a hernia
Hernioplasty Surgical repair of a hernia
Hiatal Hernia(HH) Herniation of the stomach through the diphragm
Inguinal Hernia(IH) Herniation of the small intestine into the scrotum
Umbilical Hernia(UH) Herniation of the small intestine through the abdominal wall at the umbilicus(belly button)
Strangulated hernia A hernia that occludes the blood supply to the protruding tissue
Anorexia(anorexic) A condition of no appetite
Halitosis Bad breath
Eructation(eructate) Belching OR burping
Dental caries Extreme dental(tooth)decay
Emesis(emetic) Pertaining to vomit(ing)
Hemoptysis Expectorating blood
Hematemesis Vomiting blood
Ulcer An erosion (wearing away)of the skin OR mucous membrane
Perforation(perforate) A tear OR rip
Upper GastroIntestinal series(UGI) An X-ray of the superior digestive tract after administration of a radiopaque contrast AKA a barium swallow
Lower GI(GastroIntestinal)series An X-ray of the inferior digestive tract after the administration of a radiopaque contrast AKA a BARium Enema(BaE OR BE)
Radiopaque contrast material will Illuminate when exposed to X-rays
Endoscopic Retrograde CholangioPancreatography(ERCP) The process of recording the bile ducts AND pancreas ducts using X-rays AND a lighted instrument
Resection Excision(surgical removal)
Bowel resection Surgical removal of a section of the large intestine OR small intestine
Endoscopic UltraSound(EUS) The process of recording the GastroIntestinal(GI)tract using sound waves AND a lighted instrument
Peristaltic(peristalsis) (pertaining to)wave-like muscular contractions of the GastroIntestinal(GI)tract pushing contents onward
Borborygmos The groaning AND gurgling sounds made during peristaltic activity
Colic Painful spasms of the GastroIntestinal (GI)tract
Stool Semisolid waste expelled through the anus AKA feces (fecal matter)
Defecate(defecation) The act of expelling feces from the body AKA a Bowel Movement(BM)
A normal Bowel Movement(BM)is Brown AND formed
Flatus OR flatulence Gas expelled through the anus
Diarrhea Loose watery stools
Constipation Difficult defecation
Impaction An accumulation of feces in the bowel
Ileus A bowel obstruction
Obstipation Constipation caused by a bowel obstruction (ileus)
Melena(melanotic) Pertaining to black,tarry,pungent stools AND indicates blood in the fecal matter
Pungent A very strong aroma(aromatic)
Hemoccult,Hema-check,Colo-Rect,Hematest,Seracult,OR guaiac A test for occult blood in the stool
Occult means Hidden blood that cannot be seen with the naked eye
Gastric lavage Washing out the stomach AKA "pumping out the stomach"
Gavage A feeding tube
Distend(distended) To stretch out OR inflate
Cirrhosis A chronic degeneration(deterioration)of liver cells
Jaundice A yellow discoloration of the skin AND/OR sclerae AKA Icterus(icteric)
Jaundice(icterus)is caused by a blood condition of excessive BILIRUBIN called HyperBILIRUBINemia
Bilirubin is Dead fragmented(hemolyzed)erythrocytes (RBCs)
Ascites Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
Absorb(absorption) Movement of nutrients from the digestive system to the bloodstream
Postprandial Pertaining to after meals
N+V Nausea AND Vomiting
BS Blood Suger OR Bowel Sounds OR Breath Sounds
IBD Inflammatory Bowel Disease
PEG Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy
TPN Total Parenteral Nutrition AKA hyperalimentation ("hyperal")
O+P Ova AND Parasites
PUD Peptic Ulcer Disease
LFTs Liver Function TestS
Liver Function TestS include: 1.)SGOT AKA AST 2.)SGPT AKA ALT 3.)Alkaline phosphatase (alk.phos.)
Dx Diagnosis
Px Prognosis
A (with a - above the a) Before
P (with a - above the p) After
c (with a -above the "c") With
S (with a - above the s) Without
Created by: BLM1095