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age of exploration

Treaty of Tordesilla 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain that divided their New World land claims
Dutch East India Company: Company established to direct trade in Asia. Could mint money, make treaties, and even raise an army.
Ming Dynasty Chinese dynasty that ruled from 1368-1644
Manchus Invaders from north of China who invaded and caused the Ming Dynasty to collapse
Qing Dynasty: Dynasty begun by the Manchus. Ruled China for more than 260 years
Colony lands controlled by another nation
Conquistador Spanish conqueror
Mestizo Mixed Spanish and Native American population.
Encomienda Forced Native American labor by the Spanish.
Colony lands controlled by another nation.
Conquistador Spanish conqueror
Mestizo Mixed Spanish and Native American population.
Encomienda Forced Native American labor by the Spanish
Pilgrims English colonizers who established English colony of Plymouth in 1620 after leaving England for being persecuted for their beliefs
Puritans English group seeking religious freedom from England’s Anglican church. Sought to build model Christian community in the Americas
New Netherlands Dutch land holdings established in 1621 in North America meant to be a colony for fur trading.
Jamestown Colony established by the British in 1607. Named after King James.
New France Colony established by French traders in North America in 1608.
Atlantic Slave Trade The buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas.
Triangle Trade: Trade network by which African slaves were captured and traded/sold for goods in Africa, the Americas, and
Middle Passage: The voyage that brought captured Africans to the Americas.
Columbian Exchange The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas
Capitalism: Economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as
Mercantilism: Theory that held that a company’s power depended on its wealth
Joint-Stock Company Worked like a corporation with investors buying shares of stock of a company. .
Created by: cheeze-it