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AP Human Language

TermDefinition
Isolated language A language that is unrelated to any other language and is unattached from any language family.
Language A system of communication meant to express things. Often used in a homogeneous group of people.
Language Branch A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences, while prevalent, aren't extensive.
Language Family A collection of languages related to each other trough a common ancestor predating recorded history.
Language Group A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in relatively few years and displays fewer differences.
Lingua Franca The language of common trade and international business.
Literary Tradition A verbal and written language.
Official Language The language used in conducting governmental business and publication of documents.
Pidgin Language A form of speech that adopts simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of the lingua franca. Used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Spanglish Combination of Spanish and English.
Franglish Combination of French and English.
Denglish Combination of German and English.
Standard Language The form of a language used for official governmental business, education, and mass communication.
Vulgar Latin A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans as opposed to the standard dialect, used in official documents.
Ideograms Representation of ideas or concepts, not specific pronunciations.
Isogloss Dialect boundaries.
Dialect Regional variation of language distinguished by vocabulary, pronunciation and spelling.
Created by: GoeJo