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GRHS WH2 Age of Disc

Age of Discovery

QuestionAnswer
What were European explorers motivated by? GOLD, GLORY, and GOD
What were some of the new technologies that influenced exploration? Mapping, navigation and shipbuilding
Why was Prince Henry the Navigator important? He was the first to find a water route to Asia and he opened a navigation school
Who was Vasco de Gama? Sailed from Portugal; he was the 1st European to reach India by water; he went around Africa
Christopher Columbus Sailed from Spain; he was the 1st European to reach the New World
Ferdinand Magellan Sailed from Spain; he was the 1st European to circumnavigate the globe/ he died in the Phillippines but his crew finished the mission
Hernando Cortez Sailed from Spain; he was the Conquistador who destroyed the Aztec Civilization
Francisco Pizarro Saled from Spain; he was the Conquistador who destroyed the Incan Civilization
Francis Drake Sailed from England; he was the 1st Englishman to circumnavigate the globe
Jacques Cartier Sailed from France; French explorer that claimed Canada for France
How was Christianity spread in conquered lands? Missionaries came with colonists and converted the natives
How were indigenous people affected by their contact with the Europeans? Disease lead to the death of millions; the rest were forced into slavery
Which continents were part of the New World in the Columbian Exchange? North & South America
Which continents were part of the Old World in the Columbian Exchange? Europe & Asia
What is mercantilism? The belief that the a colony exists only to benefit the mother country
What 3 continents were linked by the Triangle Trade? Africa, Europe and Americas
Which leg of the Triangle Trade transported slaves from Africa to the Americans? The Middle Passage
Which empire ruled India and built the Taj Mahal? The Mughals
What religion did the Mughal Empire spread into India? Islam
Which empire emerged as a political and economic power after the conquest of Constantinople in 1450? The Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire originated where? Asia Minor
What was the unifying force for the Ottoman Empire, although they accepted others? Islamic religion
What empire originated in Africa and was responsible for trading salt and gold? Songhai
Which world empire kicked out foreigners and became isolationists? Japanese
Which world empire set up trading enclaves for foreigners to trade in? Chinese
Which Native American people originally dominated Northern Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest? The Aztecs
Which Native American people originally dominated the Yucatan Peninsula and was famous for pyramids? The Mayans
Which Native American people originally dominated the Andes Mts, in Peru and were noted for their extensive road and bridges system? The Incas
Created by: Ronchima