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Ch.7 Part 3

TermDefinition
Ancestral Pueblo Formerly the Anasazi. Were a mixed agricultural and hunter-gathering society in SW North America
"Great Suns" How chiefs of Cahokian society were referenced, means god-like
Axum Classical-era kingdom of East Africa in present-day Ethiopia
Bantu Expansion Gradual migration of Bantu-speaking peoples from their homeland in what is now southern Nigeria into most of eastern and southern Africa. Lasted several millenia
Batwa Forest-dwelling people of Central Africa who adopted some of the ways of their Bantu neighbors while retaining distinctive features of their own culture. Were known as pygmies
Cahokia Dominant center of an important Mississippi valley mound-building culture, located near present day St. Louis. Flourished 900-1250 CE
Chaco Phenomenon Name given to major process of settlement and societal organization that occurred in the period 860-1130 CE among the people of Chaco canyon in NW New Mexico.
Chavin Andean town that was the center of a large Peruvian religious movement from around 900 to 200 BCE
Coptic Christianity Egyptian Christianity
Hopewell The most elaborate and widespread of the North American mound-building cultures, located in present-day Ohio and flourished from 200 BC to 400CE`
Jenne-jeno Largest and most fully studied of the cites of the Niger Valley Civilization
Maya The major classical civilization of Mesoamerica, flourished from 250-900 Ce
Meroe City in southern Nubia that was the center of Nubian civilization between 300 and 100 CE
Moche An important regional civilization of Peru governed by warrior-priests, flourished from 100-800 CE
Nazca A civilization of southern coastal Peru, the Nazca became famous for their underground irrigation channels and gigantic mysterious lines in the desert.
Niger Valley Civilization Noteworthy for lack of centralized state structures, was organized in clusters of economically specialized settlements
Pueblo Housing of the "Ancestral Pueblo" people. Was a large, apartment-building-like structure that could house hundreds of people.
Semi-sedentary Term frequently used to describe the peoples of the eastern woodlands of the U.S., Central America, the Amazon Basin, and the Caribbean Islands who combined partial reliance on agriculture with hunting and gathering.
Teotihuacan The largest city of pre-Columbian America, with a population between 100,000 and 200,000. "City of the gods"
Tikal Major Maya city with a population of approximately 50,000 people in modern-day Belize
Created by: 1314Jacob_Taylor