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GRHS WH2 Ren to Ref

Important People & Ideas of the Renaissance & Reformation Periods

TermDefinition
Michaelangelo Painted Sistine Chapel & sculpted la Pieta & David
Erasmus Most famous Christian humanist & wrote The Praise of Folly
The Praise of Folly an Essay written in Latin in 1509 by Desiderius Erasmus
Shakespeare Renaissance playwright and writer of sonnets
Renaissance Man a scholar during the Renaissance who (because knowledge was limited) knew a lot about many topics
Johannes Gutenberg German Printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press
Patron a person who supports artists, especially financially
Machievelli Author of "The Prince"; a book detailing the requirements of a successful ruler
Perspective a point of view
Humanism a philosophy in which interests and values of human beings are of primary importance
Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance Painter who painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
Turks Muslims from Asia Minor who defeated Constantinople & renamed it Istanbul
Pope Head of the Roman Catholic Church
Sir Thomas More author of Utopia
Indulgences A favor granted by the church to sinners in exchange for a difficult spiritual sacrifice; more commonly for payment of money
infallible the Roman Catholic church taught that the Pope was "incapable of making a mistake or being wrong"
95 Thesis A list of abuses and crimes committed by the officials of the Roman Catholic Church posted on the castle church by Martin Luther
excommunicate banished from the church; The Pope banished Martin Luther in 1520
Heretic Person who has betrayed the Church and its laws
Wittenburg Town in German where Martin Luther studied, taught and preached
John Calvin was anti-catholic; wanted to set up theocracy; taught predestination; expanded the protestant movement
Individualism Pursuit of personal happiness and independence rather than the interests of the church
Religious Tolerance accepting the differing religious views of other people
Henry VIII broke from Rome & created his own church; took land & wealth away from Catholic Church of England; Divorced
Queen Elizabeth Tolerant of dissenters,
Huegonots French Protestants
Jesuits Catholic order that was founded to spread Catholic doctrine all over the world
Cardinal Richelieu changed the focus of the 30 Year War from religious to political conflict
Edict of Nantes granted Huguenots freedom to worship by Catholic monarch but it was later revoked
Created by: Ronchima