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Intro to Morality

Theo IV

TermDefinition
What is objective morality? The view that there are moral truths that exist regardless of people's opinions. There is one correct set of moral goods. WE can discover truth, but not make it up.
What is subjective morality? The view that there are no moral truths. There are only opinions about morality. All opinions are equally valueless. We make up whatever truth they want.
What is a virtue? A good habit.
What is a vice? A bad habit.
What is grace? Help from God to do anything good. God always offers it but we have to accept it.
Concupiscence Man's constant temptation to sin.
What is Natural Law? All knowledge humans can figure out on their own, through the use of their (God-given) intellect. Example: science, math, logic
Human are made up of... body and soul
What are the three parts of the soul? Intellect, Will, and Emotions
What is the job of the Intellect? to know the Truth
What is the job of the Will? to love or chose the Good
What is the job of the Emotions? to attract us towards good and keep us away from what is bad
The four cardinal virtues Prudence, Justice, Courage, Temperance
Prudence helps perfect which part of the soul? the intellect
Justice helps perfect which part of the soul? the will
Courage helps perfect which part of the soul? the will
Temperance helps perfect which part of the soul? the emotions
Prudence is... good judgment
Justice is... giving to others what they deserve
Courage is... doing what is right even in the face of difficulty
Temperance is... having control over our emotions (especially in regards to food, sex, and alcohol)
Sanctifying Grace "our ticket to heaven" when we have it God is living inside of us
Actual grace our "back up," temporary grace, it is offered to us when we need it and then it's gone.
What is True Freedom? The ability to choose the good that God has planned for us.
What is False Freedom? The ability to choose whatever you want.
Explain the relationship between knowledge and moral responsibility. More knowledge = more responsibility Less knowledge = less responsibility
What is the conscience? It is a part of the intellect that applies the moral law to specific situations in our life. It is an interior guide God gives to help us.
True or False. The conscience is just a feeling we have. False, it comes from the Intellect not the Emotions, but sometimes our conscience also causes emotions like guilt if we did something wrong.
What happens if we don't form our conscience well? It will make mistakes and help us make poor decisions
Is the conscience infallible (free from error)? No it is fallible (can make mistakes)
What is vincible ignorance? Is ignorance that we are responsible for, we should have known better, but were lazy about finding out the truth.
What is invincible ignorance? Is ignorance that we are not responsible for. There is no reasonable way we could have known better
What is Original Sin? The first sin of disobedience committed by Adam and Eve.
Freedom is for... LOVE. God made us free so we could choose to give up our freedom in order to love, this is how we reach happiness
Created by: mccl1000
 

 



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