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# AP GEO CH 1 K.I. 1

### Adams HCHS AP Human Geo. Rubenstein Ch 1 Key Issue 1

Map A two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth’s surface or a portion of it.
Map scale The relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth’s surface.
Cartography The science of making maps
Projection A system used to transfer locations from Earth’s surface to a flat map.
Geographic Information System A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
Remote Sensing The acquisition of data about Earth’s surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Global Positioning System A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
Location the position of anything on Earth’s surface.
Meridian An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles.
International Date Line An arc that for the most part follows the 180* longitude line, signifies a 24 hour change
Latitude Numbering system to indicate the location of a parallel, measures the distance north and south of the equator
Longitude The numbering system that provides the location of each meridian, measures the distance east and west of the prime meridian.
Prime meridian Passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England at 0* Longitude
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) The time in the zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0* Longitude.
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians
Created by: flordaman

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