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Rubenstein Ch5 Vocab

AP Human Geography - Rubenstein- Chapter 5: Language - Vocab

TermDefinition
British Received Pronunciation (BRP) The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
Creole or creolized language A language that results from mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people documented.
Dialect A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
Ebonic Dialect spoken by some African Americans.
Extinct language A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
Franglais A term used by French for English words that have entered the French language
Ideograms The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea of a concept rather than a specific sound as is the case with letters in English.
Isogloss A boundary that separates regions in which different language usage predominate.
Isolated language A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
Language A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
Language branch A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several years ago.
Language family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
Language group A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
Lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
Literacy tradition A language that is written as well as spoken.
Official language The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
Pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Spanglish Combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic Americans.
Standard language The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
Vulgar Latin A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.
Created by: chrissychris