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1711A World History

1711A World History Final Flash Cards

QuestionAnswer
What was Plato’s ideal form of government? He stated his philosophy in his work The Republic. believed that individuals should live in a just and rational state
The Romans were great law codifiers. Take a look at ancient Roman law codes. What were they called? Twelve Tablets
What are some major differences between the Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian traditions? The differ in matters concerning their beliefs in one God.
How did the Classical Greeks think about the individual? It is central to Western political thought today. individual achievement, dignity and worth are of great importance.
A cornerstone of our government today is based upon some political ideas that came from Montesquieu. What are they? His analysis of the governmental system of checks and balances
One of the persons who argued for the origin of the state as social contract theory. Rousseau
What was an objective of the Tennis Court Oath? The French National Assembly vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution.
One of the accomplishments of the French Revolution was a document that was based upon the Declaration of Independence? What document? The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
The National Convention attempted to create a new order that reflected its belief in reason that pursued what? a policy of dechristianization, and adopting a new calendar
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen proclaimed...? an end to tax exemptions, freedom of speech, freedom of the press
What reforms did Napoleon introduce to France? the Napoleonic Code, a public school system, and construction of new transportation options including canals and roads.
What was the Glorious Revolution all about? the invasion of England by William of Orange, which overthrew James II with almost no bloodshed
Why is the Magna Carta significant in the history of democratic ideas? strengthened the idea that a monarch's power was limited, not absolute
What factors contributed to the rise of the Industrial Revolution in England? improved food supplies, large labor force, abundant money supply
How did improvements to the steam engine affect the textile industry? It helped meet its last major challenge to full mechanization.
What factors contributed to the rise of the Industrial Revolution in England? railroad construction, factory production, and coal mining
Who improved the steam engine to make it drive machinery? James Watt
What was the objective of the Romantic artists? stir up emotions
Name some romantic writers? Walter Scott, Mary Shelley, Edgar Allen Poe, and William Wordsworth
What geographical significance did the Philippines have for the United States? President William McKinley decided to turn the Philippines into an American colony because it was a convenient point for trade with China
What was the impact of imperialism on Africa? Make sure you check out the Congo and Ethiopia. Ethiopians embraced imperialism.
What does extraterritoriality mean? Europeans living by their own laws in China
What are Zamindars? local officials in India who collected taxes for the British
Indian began to distrust the British and this led to what? The First War of Independence. The British called this the Sepoy Mutiny.
What was a major cause of the Opium War between Great Britain and China? Trade imbalance
What was a consequence of Commodore Matthew Perry and his encounter with Japan? Japan signed the Treaty of Kanagawa
How did China adapt to its encounter with the West? The policy of "self-strengthening"
What Enlightenment philosopher strongly advocated that humans have natural rights? John Locke
What social change was brought about by the Industrial Revolution? Emergence of the working class and the middle class.
All citizens of Athens had the right to discuss issues openly and to vote in the assembly. This is an example of what? Democracy
What was the "white man's burden?" The belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize primitive peoples.
What group had a slogan that was "destroy the foreigner"? Boxers
Who set up a nonviolent movement with the purpose to force the British to aid the poor and grant independence to India? Mohandas Gandhi
The production of what was one of the first industries to be affected by the industrial revolution? cotton cloth
Enlightenment view of women Women were considered to have natural rights to home and family.
What made the Israelites' religious beliefs unique? The Israelites believed in one true God and that each event reflected God's plan.
The Declaration of Independence states that government should protect natural rights that were stated in what document? The Bill of Rights of the U.S. Constitution
How did the U. S. Constitution reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers? It created a government based on a social contract
How did France's revolutionaries follow the examples set by leaders of the American Revolution? What did they write? They wrote and issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen modeled after the U. S. Declaration of Independence.
How did liberalism in the early 1800s reflect ideas of the Enlightenment period? Liberals believed that government should protect the natural rights of individuals.
What is direct result of the discovery that germs cause disease? Improved sanitation
What had the greatest impact on the improvement of working conditions in the 1800s? Labor Unions
What contributed to German's growth as an industrial power under Bismarck? Substantial iron and coal reserves
What contributed most to the growth of nationalism in the Balkans? The decline of the Ottoman empire
What had great power in the Third Republic in France? The voter-elected Chamber of Deputies
Why were the British able to conquer India's vast territory? Britain exploited its diversity
What did Japan gain control over which aided in it becoming an imperialist power? Korea
What were the only African nation to preserve their independence? Liberia and Ethiopia
What is "Self-Strengthening" The policy that called for China to adopt Western technology
What were some of the justifications for imperialism? During the age of Imperialism, a new class emerges of African elite who were western-educated.
Created by: Mrs. Stubbs