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History of Africa

Development of Africa Test Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
Define imperialism. when one country takes over another, usually for resources
Define nationalism. love for one's country
Define apartheid. the forced segregation between races in South Africa
Define homelands. areas where black South Africans were forced to live during Apartheid
Define African National Congress. Nelson Mandela's political party that opposed Apartheid
Define partition. to divide
Define Scramble for Africa. the race between European countries to gain colonies in Africa
Define Pan-Africanism. the idea that people of African descent share a common history and culture and should come to
Who is Nelson Mandela? Mandela opposed apartheid and was imprisoned for 27 years. He was the first black president of South Africa.
Who was Jomo Kenyatta? The first elected president of Kenya after independence
Who was F. W. de Klerk? The last president of South Africa under apartheid; worked to end apartheid and released Nelson Mandela from jail.
What problem has oil caused in Nigeria? government corruption
When did most countries in Africa gain independence? 1950s and 1960s
Why was there a civil war in Nigeria? There was a civil war over government control between the Christian south and the Muslim north
How did Kenya gain independence? voting
How did South Africa gain independence? voting
When was Africa divided into colonies? At which conference did that happen? Berlin Conference 1884-1885
Why has it been hard to build stable governments in Africa since independence? European partitioning divided ethnic groups into difficult countries and placed rival ethnic groups in the same country.
Which 2 European countries had the most colonies in Africa? UK (British) and France (French)
How did the colonial borders drawn by Europeans cause problems for the countries in Africa after independence? European partitioning divided ethnic groups into difficult countries and placed rival ethnic groups in the same country.
Which 2 European countries colonized South Africa? Netherlands (Dutch) and UK (British)
Why did France and Britain both want to control Egypt? To control the Suez Canal
Why did Europeans create colonies in Africa? To gain natural resources (raw materials), gain more land, slave trade, new markets in which to sell their goods, spread their culture and religion
Explain how Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk are important figures in South African history. Nelson Mandela was the leader of the African National Congress political party and opposed Apartheid. He was the first black president of South Africa. de Klerk was the last president of South Africa during Apartheid and worked to end Apartheid.
What problems did European colonizers create when they drew political boundaries in the region? Civil war; riots; separated families and ethnic groups into different countries; unstable governments
Created by: MsBentley