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Vargo 18 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
He was the leader of the Haitian Revolution. He was a brilliant leader and transformed the country of Haiti into an independent black state. Toussaint L'ouverture
A Mexican priest and leader of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. He gave the speech El Grito de Dolores. He was killed in 1811. Father Hidalgo
A Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary leader who led the Revolution after Hidalgo was executed. He wanted to abolish slavery and give the vote to all men. He was captured and killed in 1815. Jose Morelos
A Venezuelan military and political leader. He led an uprising against Napoleon Bonaparte in 1808. His Venezuelan republic only lasted 4 years and he was exiled to Haiti. In 1819, he swooped down and took Bogota from the Spanish. Simon Bolivar
An Argentine general and prime leader of the southern South American struggle for Independence in 1816. He defeated the Spanish in Chile and Peru. Jose de San Martin
Father Hidalgo’s speech “My children will be free? Will you make the effort to recover the lands stolen from your forefathers by the hated Spaniards 300 years ago?” It called upon the people of Mexico to fight for “Independence and Liberty.” El Grito de Dolores
He was a Mexican army general who built a strong army and political coalition. In 1821 he marched on Mexico City decisively ending the Mexican War of Independence. He ruled briefly from 1822 to 1823. Agustin de Itrubide
First ruler of Brazil. He was known as the “Liberator” as well as “the Soldier King.” Dom Pedor
He was the Peru leader of the indigenous uprising in 1780 against the Spanish. He had no success but became a mythical figure for independence and indigenous rights. Tupac Amaru
Name for the state that encompassed much of northern South America and part of southern Central America. This republic included the territories of present-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Panama, northern Peru, western Guyana and northwest Brazil. Gran Colombia
is a Venezuelan or Colombian cowboy. During the wars of independence, Llaneros served in armies and provided the bulk of the cavalry during war. An army that, defeated the Spanish with a surprise attack when they crossed over the Orinoco and the Andes. Llaneros
is a social gathering with literary or artistic overtones, especially in Iberia or Latin America. It also means an informal meeting of people to talk about current affairs, arts, etc. Tertulias
Created by: hwzone