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aorta largest artey in the body
apex od the heart lower tip of the heart
arteriole small artery
artery largest type of the blood vessel; carries blood away from the heart to all parts of the body
atrioventricular bundle (bundkle of His) specialized muscle fibers connecting the atria with the ventricle and transmitting electrical impluses between them
atrioventricular node (AV node) specialized tissue in the wall between the atria. Electrical impluses pass from the pacemaker (SA node) through the AV node and the atrioventricular bundle toward the ventricles.
atrium one of two upper chambers of the heart
capillary smallest blood vesssel; material pss from the bloodstream through a thin capillary walls
carbon dioxide gas (waste) released by body cells, transported via veins to the heart and then to the lungs for exhalation
coronary arteries blood vessels that branch from the aorta and carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle
deoxygenated blood blood that is oxygen poor
diastole relaxtion phase of the hearbeat
electrocardiogram record of the electricity flowing through the heart
endocardium inner lining of the heart
endothelium innermost lining of the blood vessels
mitral valve valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle; bicuspid valve
murmur abnormal swishing sound caused by improper closure of the heart valves
myocardium muscular, middle layer of the heart
normal sinus rhythm heart rhythm originating in the sinoatrial node with a rate in patients at rest of 60 to 100 beats per minute
oxygen gas that enters the blood through the lungs and travels to the heart to be pumped via arteries to all body cells
pacemaker specialized nerovustisse in the right atrium that begins the heartbeat
pericardium double-layered membrane surrounding the heart
pulmonary artery artery carrying oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs
pulmonary circulation flow of blood from the heart to the lungs back to the heart
pulmonary valve valve positioned between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery
pulmonary vein one of two pairs of vessels carrying oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
pulse beat of the heart as felt through the walls of the arteries
septum partition or wall dividing a cavity; such as between the right and left atria and right and left ventricles
sinoatrial node (SA node) pacemaker of the heart
sphygmomanometer instrument to measure blood pressure
systemic circulation flow of blood from body tisse to the heart and then from the heart back to the tissues
systole contraction phase of the heartbeat
tricuspid valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle; it has three leaflets, or cusps
valve structure in veins or in the heart that temporarily closes an opening so that blood flows in only one direction
vein thin-walled vessel that carries blood from the body tissues and lungs, back to the heart
vena cava largest vein in the body
ventricle one of two lower chambers of the heart
venule small vein
angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arter/o artery
arteri/o artery
ather/o yellowish plaque, fatty substance
atri/o atrium, upper heart chamber
brachi/o arm
cardi/o heart
cholesterol/o cholesterol
coron/o heart
cyan/o blue
myx/o mucus
ox/o oxygen
pericardi/o pericardium
phleb/o vein
rrythm/o rhythm
sphygm/o pulse
steth/o chest
thromb/o clot
valvul/o valve
valvu/o valve
vas/o vessel
ascul/o vessel
ven/o vein
ven/i vein
ventricul/o ventricle, lower heart chamber
arrhythmias abnormal heart rhythms (dysrhythmias)
flutter rapid but regular contractions, usually of the atria
fibrillation very rapid, inefficent and irregular contractions of the heart
congenital heart disease abnormallities in the heart at birth
septal defects small holes in the wall between the atria (atrial septal defects) or the ventricles (ventricular septal defects)
tetraology of Fallot congenital malformation involing four (tetra-) distinct heart defects
congestive heart failure heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood
endocarditis inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
hypertensive heart disease high blood pressure affecting the heart
murmur extra heart sound, heard between normal beats
pericarditis inflammation of the membrane (pericardium) surrounding the heart
rheumatic heart disease heart disease caused by rheumatic fever
aneurysm local widening (dilation) of an arterial wall
Raynaud disease recurretns episodes of pallor and cyanosis primarily in fingers and toes
vericose veins abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occurring in the legs
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
ACE inhibitor angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
ACLs advanced cardiac life support
AED automatic external defibrillator
AF, a-fib atrial fibrillation
AICD automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
AMI acute myocardial infarction
AS aortic stenosis
AV, A-V artrioventricular
BBB bundle branch block
BNP brain natriuretuc peptide
BP blood pressure
CABG coronary artery bypass grafting
CAD coronary artery disease
Cath catheterrization
CHF congestive heart failure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
DES drug-eluting stent
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECG; EKG electrocardiography
ECHO echocardiography
EF ejection fraction
HTN hypertention (high blood pressure)
IABP intra-aortic balloon pump
ICD implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
LAD left anterior descending
LVAD left ventricular assist device
MI myocardial infarction
NSR normal sinus rhythm
NSTEMI non-ST elevation myocardial infarction
PAC premature atrial contraction
PAD peripheral arterial disease
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PE pulmonary embolus
PVC premature ventricular contraction
SA node sinoatrial node
SOB shortness of breath
STEMI ST elevation myocardial infarction
SVT supraventricular tachycardia; rapid heartbeats
TEE transesophageal echocardiography
tPA tissue-type plafminogen activator
UA unstable angina
VF ventricular fibrillation
Created by: sabrina.ray