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Body System

cervic/o cervix (neck of the uterus)
colp/o vagina
vagin/o vagina
hyster/o uterus
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
metri/o uterus; to measure
uter/o uterus
o/o egg
oophor/o ovary
ovari/o ovary
salping/o Fallopian (uterine) tube; Eustachian tube
amenorrhea absence of menstrual flow
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual flow
endometriosis tissue from the inner lining of the uterus occurs abnormally in other pelvic or abdominal locations
menorrhagia excessive discharge of the blood from the uterus during the menstrual cycle
amniocentesis surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw fluid for chemical and chromosomal analysis
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix with a colposcope
hysterosalpingography x-ray imaging of the uterus and Fallopian tubes after injections of a contrast agent into the uterus
mammography x-ray imaging of the breast
pelvic ultrasonography procedure that produces an image of sound waves as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region
crosurgery the use of cold temperature (liquid nitrogen) to freeze and destroy tissue
hysterectomy excision of the uterus either through the abdominal wall or through the vagina
myomectomy the surgical removal of fibroid (myoma)tissue from the uterus
D&C Dilation and curettage
D&C widening of the opening of the cervix and scalping of the lining of the uterus to remove tissue and stop prolonged or heavy uterine bleeding
GYN gynecology
GYN study of female disorders
IVF in vitro fertilization
IVF egg and sperm are combined outside the body in a laboratory container, fertilized eggs are implanted into the uterus for pregnancy
OB obstetrics
OB labor and delivery of the fetus
TAH-BSO total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TAH-BSO Entire uterus and both Fallopian tubes and ovaries are removed
lymph/o lymph fluid
lymphaden/o lymph nodes
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
-ectasis suffix meaning dilation
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus gland
lymphoma malignant tumor of lymph nodes and lymphatic tissue (hodgkin disease)
sacoidosis inflammatory diease in which small modules, or tubercles, form in the lymph nodes and other organs.
-oid suffix meaning resembling
computed tomography (CT) scan x-ray views in the transverse plane for the diagnosis of abnormalities in lymphoid organs
chemotherapy treatment with powerful drugs to kill cancer cells (Hodgkin disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and multiple myeloma)and viruses such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
radiotherapy (radiation therapy) treatment with high-dose radiation to destroy malignant lesions in the body
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIDS suppression or deficiency of the immune response caused by exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HIV virus that infects the white blood cells, causing damage to the patient's immune system
balan/o penis
orch/o testicle,testis
-pexy suffix meaning surgical fixation
orchid/o testicle, testis
prostat/o prostate gland
scrot/o scrotal sac, scrotum
urethr/o urethra
vas/o vas deferens, vessel
benign prostatic hyperplasia noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland
cryptorchism condition of descended testis. The testis is not in the scrotal sac at birth.
crypt/o means hidden
hydrocele sac of clear in the scrotum
hydr/o water
-cele suffix for hernia (a bulging or swelling)
orchiopexy surgical fixation of descended testicles in a young male infant
transurethral resection of the prostate gland (TURP) the removal of portions of the prostate gland with an endoscope inserted into the urethra
vasectomy produce in which the vas defense on each side is cut, a piece is removes, and the free ends are folded and ligated (tied) with sutures. vasectomy procedure sterilization so that sperm are not released with semen.
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
PSA prostate- specific antigen
PSA measurement if the amount if PSA in the blood. Higher-than-normal levels are associated with prostatic enlargement and prostate cancer
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate gland
Created by: rvikki