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Chinese Society

Breakdown of social classes in classical era China

TermDefinition
Emperor Wudi Emperor responsible for establishing Imperial Academy (124 BC)
Imperial Academy School for training potential government officials
Scholar-gentry Old and educated class that dominated China
Wang Mang High court official who usurped the Emperor in 8AD under Han Dyansty
Reforms of Wang Mang Government loans to peasants,limits on land ownership,end of private slavery
Land Main form of wealth
Factors leading to Wang Mang's fall Opposition from wealthy landlords,nomad invasions,poor harvests,floods, and famine
Peasants Vast majority of Chinese population, provided most labor
Natural Problems for peasants Famines, floods, droughts, and pests
State Problems for peasants Tax payments, required labor, and conscription
Sharecroppers/Tenants Form of work many peasants resorted to in Han Dynasty in which they farmed someone else's land and kept a certain percentage of the harvest, often minimal
Yellow Turban Rebellion Peasant rebellion with 360,000 armed followers with roots in Daoism
Causes for Yellow Turban Rebellion Floods along the Yellow River and resulting epidemics
Merchants Lowest class viewed as shameful and greedy by the Chinese elite
Po Chu-I Famous poet during Tang Dynasty
Li Shen Chinese poet from 8th century AD, famous for reflecting hardship of peasant life
Daoism Religious ideology used to unify the Yellow Turban Rebellion
"Great Peace" A golden age of complete equality, social harmony, and common ownership of property sought after by the peasants of the Yellow Turban Rebellion
Civil Service Examinations Test taken by Chinese youth to determine their occupation
Merchant stereotypes Unproductive, shameful for profiting from the work of others, greedy, luxury-loving, and materialistic
Created by: 1314Jacob_Taylor