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Chapter 10

TermDefinition
The Arabian Peninsula is a crossroad of what 3 continents? Africa, Europe, and Asia.
What is the name of the bowl on a water clock? Clepsydra.
Where is Mecca? In Western Africa.
What does Allah mean? Allah is the belief of one god.
What is Mecca?
When did Muhammad decide to leave Mecca? 622
What are the Five Pillars? Faith, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, and Pilgrimage.
Why do muslims have to follow the Five Pillars? It ensures Muslims live their religion while serving their community.
What is the Qur'an The holy book of the mulims.
What is the sunna? The best model for living.
How many times do Muslims pray each day? 5
Why did Muhammad's teachings anger some people in Mecca They feared people would abandon traditional gods.
Why is the Hijrah important? Muhammad was accepted as a political leader in Medina.
What do Muslims believe about Muhammad?
The Umayyads moved the Muslim capitol to where? Damascus
When did Umayyads get overthrown? 750
Who overthrew the Umayyads? Rebel groups.
When did abbasids come to power? 750
What led to internal conflict in Islam after the death of Muhammad? Muhammad had neither specified a successor nor indicated how to choose one.
What two major trading network existed at the time when Abbasids was in power? Mediterranean Sea and The Indian Ocean.
In Muslim society, Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians made up what class? The third class, or "Protected People"
What contributed to calligraphy's popularity? Muslim law prohibited the drawing of living beings.
What is Calligraphy? The art of beautiful hand writing.
Where is the House of Wisdom located? Baghdad
What is the House of Wisdom? A combination library, academy, and a translation center.
Created by: TylerKennedy