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Languages Chapter 5

Flashcards for vocabulary and questions from the "Wozepardy" game.

The geographic study of the distribution of languages provides a good example of the fragile balance between _______________ and ___________ __________. Globalization, local diversity
The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as in the case with letters in English Ideograms
In how many countries is English an official language? 57
Russian is part of which family, branch, and group? Family: Indo-European Branch: Balto-Slavic branch Group: East Slavic
What language is the most important in Pakistan? Urdu
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people ot have the same meaning Language
How is the Chinese written language different from the English written language? Characters are ideograms, and they represent ideas rather than phonetic sounds.
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary; ex. West Germanic is a ____________ ____________ of Germanic. Language group
In what three ways are British English and American English different? Spelling, vocabulary, and pronunciation
Immigrants to which American colonies had the most diverse background? Hint: This region included New York, home to many Dutch and other peoples, and Pennsylvania, home of the Quakers. Middle Atlantic States
Which language has the most native speakers? Mandarin
What is the most important language family in sub-Saharan Africa? Niger-Congo branch
What would the language of Hebrew be categorized as? An revived language
A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language; a combination of fran├žais and anglais, the French words for "French" and "English," respectively Franglais
The language of Icelandic changed less than any other Scandinavian language because of __________________. isolation
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages Lingua franca
English is part of which group, branch, and family? Group: West Germanic Branch: Germanic Family: Indo-European
The most widely spoken language in Southeast Asia is spoken in which country? What is the name of the language? What family does it belong to? People's Republic of China, Mandarin, Sino-Tibetan
Dialect spoken by some African Americans Ebonics
All but three countries in Europe speak an Indo-European language. Which three countries? Estonia, Finland, and Hungary
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents Official language
In a diagram where the leaves of a tree represent languages, what would the roots, trunks, and branches represent? Roots:Prehistoric superfamilies Trunks: Families Branches: Branches, obviously
A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated; ex. Patois in Jamaica Creole or creolized language
How did different dialects develop within England? The presence of many different invaders and tribes caused there to be differences in dialects within the country.
Which country were the first speakers of English from? The Jutes and Angles came form Denmark, and the Saxons came from Germany.
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history Language family
The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom British Received Pronunciation (BPR)
What was the dialect spoken by Roman soldiers? Vulgar Latin
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communication Standard language
French replaced english following the Norman invasion in what year? A.D. 1066
What is the second most spoken language family in Europe? Where are they spoken? Uralic; Estonia, Finland, and Hungary
What are the two largest language families? Indo-European and Sino-Tibetan
Combination of Spanish and English spoken by Hispanic Americans; ex. "Pero, like..." Spanglish
What is the second largest language family? Sino-Tibetan
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate; ex. outside of the city of Manchester a different dialect is spoken Isogloss
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation; ex. Southern: "ya'll" and Bostonian: "Ha-vaad University" Dialect
A form of speech that adopts simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca; used for communication among speakers of two different languages Pidgin language
A language that is written as well as spoken Literary tradition
According to the theory stating that the Indo-European language family originated in Anatolia, the family was spread by means of _______________. agriculture
_______:Canada::___________:United States French, Spanish; Both are official languages alongside English.
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago Language branch
The two main languages in South America are ___________ and ____________. Spanish, Portuguese
Combination of German and English Denglish
Angles and Normans contributed to the development of the English language when they ______________ _______________. invaded England
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family Isolated language
A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used Extinct language
Created by: SydneyR
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