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Endocrine system

Endocrine Glands that secrecte hormones within
Hormones Chemical catalysts
Catalyst Anything causing a reaction to occur
The endocrine glands include: 1.)Pituitary gland 2.)Thyroid gland 3.)Parathyroid glands 4.)Adrenal glands 5.)Pancreas
The pituitary gland is AKA the Hypohysis
The pituitary (hypophysis) is AKA the "master gland"
The pituitary (hypophysis) is called the "master gland"because It controls other endocrine glands by secreting hormones
The pituitary gland(hypophysis)is the size of a Pea
Hormones secreted by the pituitary(hypophysis)include: 1.)GH(which stands for Growth Hormone)
Growth hormone (GH)sumulates growth AND development of the body
ACTH which stands for AdrenoCorticoTropic hormone
AdrenoCorticoTropic hormone(ACTH)stimulates glands to secrete their Hormones
Hormones secreted from the adRENAL glands are AKA Steroids
TSH which stands for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone(TSH)is AKA Thyrotropin OR T7 stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete it's hormones
Gonadotropic hormone Gonadotropic hormone aids in the development of the secondary sexual characteristics
Prolactin Prolactin is AKA lactogenic hormone
prolactin(LACTogenic hormone)stimulates Breast development AND milk production in women
OT which stands for Oxytocin
Oxytocin(OT)stimulates Uterine contractions during labor
Synthetic Oxytocin (OT)is called Pitocin("pit drip")
Synthetic means Artificially made
Pitocin is used to Induce(start)labor
ADH which stands for Anidiuretic Hormone
Anidiuretic Hormone(ADH) stimulates the kidneys to reabsorb water
FSH which stands for Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Follicle Stimulating Hormone(FSH)simulates the Maturation of an oocyte (egg cell) into a follicle AND released as an ovum(egg)
The thyroid gland is located adjacent(next)to the larynx AKA Vocal cords
The thyroid gland has sections called Lobes
Hormones secreted by the thyroid gland include: 1.)Thyroxine(Thyroxine is AKA T3+T4
Thyroxine(T3+T4) has a direct influence on Metabolism
Metabolism is the Rate at which the body burn energy
A sythetic Thyroxine(T3+T4)is called Synthroid(levothyroxine)
Myxedema A condition of deficient thyroxine(T3+T4)AKA Hypohyroidism
Grave's disease(GD) A condition of excessive thyroxine(T3+T4)AKA hyperthyroidism
Calcitonin Calcitonin is a hormone that stimulates the bones to absorb calcium(Ca)
A synthetic Calcitonin is called Miacalcin
Calcitonin is not Calcium(Ca)
The parathyroid glands are located posterior to the thyroid gland
The hormone secreted by the parathyroid glands is Parathyroid Hormone(PTH)
Parathyroid Hormone(PTH) stimulates the Bones to release calcium(Ca) into the bloodstream
Parathyroid Hormone(PTH)will be secreted when Blood Calcium(Ca)levels fall
Blood calcium(Ca)levels will fall when A person does not ingest enough daily dietary calcium(Ca)
A blood condition of deficient calcium(Ca)is called Hypocalcemia AKA calcipenia
Foods rich in calcium include: dairy,spinach,broccoli,sardines
Te Recommended Daily Allowance(RDA)of Calcium(Ca) can be acquired by consuming Three/four-8 ounce(oz)glasses of milk OR the equivalent every day
Homeostasis refers to a continuous struggle to maintain a metabolic balance in the body
The body will try to maintain Calcium (Ca) homeostasis by Releasing ParaThyroid Hormone(PTH)if you do not inest enough daily dietary calcium(Ca)
The ParaThyroid Hormone(PTH)will cause the bones to Release Calcium(Ca) into the bloodstream
The tissue that has priority for the calcium(Ca)stored in the bones is Muscle(heart)
Over time,Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)can cause Osteomalacia AND osteoporosis
The adRENAL glands are located in the Suprarenal areas
Suprarenal means Above a kidney
Hormones secreted by the adrenal glands include: 1.)Cortisol
The functions of the cortisol include: A.)Aids with the adverse effects of stress B.)Aids in the metabolism o carbohydrates,fats AND proteins
Carbohydrates are necessary for Energy
Fats are necessary for The absorption of certain vitamins
Proteins are necessary for Growth AND repair
Aldosterone Aldosterone is necessary for the regulation of the body salts
The salts of the body are AKA Electrolytes("lytes")include: 1.)Sodium(Na) 2.)Potassium(K) 3.)Chloride(CL)
Adrenaline Adrenaline is AKA Epinephrine("epi")
The secretion of adrenaline(epiNEPHRine)promotes a "fight or flight"responce
The"fight or flight response" includes: A.)Fast heart (pulse) B.)Tachypnea AKA fast breathing Pupil dilation pallor AKA paleness
Bronchodilation AKA Increased diameter of the airways
The tachycardia,tachypnea,bronchodilation,AND pallor aid the body with Increased respiration AND delivery of the oxygenated blood to tissues
Respiration means The exchange of the gasesO2(oxygen)AND CO2(carbon dioxide)
The pupils dilate to Increase your Visual Field(VF)
Pallor is caused by Shunting of blood from the periphery to the major organs AND large muscle groups
Shunting means to Divert or redirect
Cushing's syndrome A condition of hyperadrenalism
Addison's disease A condition of hypoadrenalism
The pancreas is located Retrogastric
Retrogastric means Posterior to the stomach
A hormone excreted by the pancreas is Insulin
Insulin is necessary to open the cellular door for glucose
Insulin is released when Blood Sugar(BS)rises
Diabetes mellitus(DM) Insulin deficiency OR insulin resistance
A synthetic insulin is called Humulin
Cortex Outer
Adrencorticohyperplasia Excessive development of the adrenal cortex
Adrenopathy A disease condition of an adrenal gland
Endocrinologist Specialist in the study of the endocrine system
Endocrinopathy Any disease condition of the endocrine system
Grave's disease(GD)can cause an abnormal protrusion of the eyeballs called Exophthalmous (exophthalmic)
Polydipsia A condition of excessive thirst
Polyuria A condition of excessive urination
Polyphagia A condition of excessive hunger
Adrenalectomy Surgical removal of an adrenal gland
Parathyroidectomy Surgical removal of a parathyroid gland(s)
Thyroidotomy Surgical incision of the thyroid gland
Thyroparathyroidectomy Surgical removal of the thyroid gland AND parathyroid gland(s)
Acromegaly Enlargement of the extremities
Adrenalitis Inflammation of the adrenal gland
HyperCALcemia Blood condition of excessive calcium
Hyperglycemia Blood condition of excessive SUGAR
Hyperkalemia A blood condition of excessive potassium(K)
HypoNAtremia A blood condition of deficient sodium(Na)
Thyroid scan X-ray of the thyroid using a radioactive contrast
Which department will perform this test? Nuclear medicine
Materials that illuminate when exposed to X-rays are called Radiopaque OR contrast material
Thyroid ultrasound A diagnostic image of the thyroid using sound waves
Exocrine glands Glands that secrete out
Exocrine glands include: A.)Sebaceous glands which produce sebum(oil) B.)Sudoriferous glands which produce sweat
Cerumenous glands which produce Cerumen(ear wax)
Lacrimal glands which produce Tears
BS Blood Sugar(glutose)OR Bowel Sounds OR Breath Sounds
FBS Fasting Blood Sugar
GTT Glutose Tolerance test
gt A drop
gtt Drops
Ca OR CA Calcium OR Cancer
I Iodine
PBI Protein Bound Iodine
RAIU RadioActive Iodine Uptake
Anytime you see the term IODINE(I)in a test it will usually refer to the Thyroid gland
TFT Thyroid function Tests
When you see the a medical word that has(TROPIN) in it, it's a clue that means I come from the Pituitary gland
Created by: BLM1095