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middle age

TermDefinition
the franks germanic people from Gaul (modern day france and switzerland)
monasteries religious communities built by the church for men (monks)
convents religious communities built by the church for women (nuns)
secular worldly (involved in politics and other social matters)
the papacy the office of the pope
tithe church tax
clergy different ranks of church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the pope
lay investiture a ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials
sacraments important religious ceremonies
simony selling of church positions
canon law church law
heretic anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle
feudalism social structure in medieval Europe including lords, knights, vassals, serfs, and sometimes a king
manor (in feudalism) the lords estate
chivalry complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed
crusade A holy warlaunched by PopeUrban II to reclaimthe Holy Land forChristians.
common law Unified body of lawin England formedby England’s royaljudges.
parliament Legislative group inEngland originallycomprised of twoburgesses (citizens ofwealth and property)from every boroughand two knights fromevery county.
magna carta Document drawn upby English noblesand approved byKing John whichguaranteed certainpolitical rights for thepeople.
estates general Meeting of the threeestates in France: 1stwas the Churchleaders, 2nd was thegreat lords, and the3rd was thecommoners.
Created by: makenzi