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hem 2

glucose testing

QuestionAnswer
glucose testing color top light gray
what is in the light gray top Sodium Fluoride Potassium Oxalate
Glucose is end product of? carb metabolism and our bodies main source of energy
Glucose can be stored as ______ for later use in both ______ and ______ tissue glycogen, muscle and liver
When no more tissue spaces is available for storage, glucose is converted to ___ and stored as _____ tissue. (FLUFF) FAT, adipose
Insulin is a? hormone
Insulin is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas
Lack of insulin condition is called hyperglycemia
Blood glucose testing is used to detect DM
Diabetes Mellitus is an auto immune disease, hypoglycemia, and liver and andrencortical dysfunction
FBS stands for Fasting Blood Sugar
FBS pt. must fast for 12 hrs
FBS normal range 70-126 mg/dl
The purpose of FBS 1)to evaluate progress or regulate treatment of diabetic pt. 2)routine screening procedure to detect diabetes
Purpose of 2hr PPBS Screen for diabetes and monitor effects of insulin dosage in pt.'s w/ diabetes
2hr-PPBS fasting is mandatory beginning at midnight the night b4 until breakfast
2hr-PPBS testing pt.'s can either consume a prescribed meal containing ______ of _____ or drink ____ of _____ solution. 100g of carbs/ 100 g or glucose solution
GTT is used to diagnose DM, hypoglycemia, and liver and adrenocortical dysfunction
restriction with GTT are 1)no eating or drinking(except water)affects glucose level.. 2) NO smoking! stimulant that increases blood glucose level..3) Be lazy, Activity uses glucose which can affect test results
GTT exhibit normal side effects such as... weakness, feeling faint, perspiration
with normal side effects of GTT, we the MA should reassure the pt. what? that it is only temporary
Serious symptoms of GTT get reported to the MD immediately
GTT serious reaction indicate hypoglycemia
symptoms of hypoglycemia during GTT headache, pale, cold and clammy skin, Irrational speech or behavior, profusion perspiration and fainting
SMBG only needs ___ drop of blood one
SMBG stands for Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose
diabetic pt.'s who are insulin dependent should be test their levels ____ a day 4 times
High blood glucose for a long time (above 180 mg/dl) can cause progressive damage to body organs leading to? Blindness, kidney disease, nerve damage and circulation problems
Hemoglobin A1c test is an assessment of an average amount of glucose in the blood for how long of time? a 3-month period
glucose that is absorbed into circulation has a ____ quality to it sticky
Glycosylation sticks to protein making up hemoglobin
where is hemoglobin found? in RBC
the function of hemoglobin is to transport oxygen to tissues of body
HbA1c test measure: the percentage of HbA1c
HbA1c provides the overall picture of blood glucose for past ____ months 3
life span of RBC'S 90-120 days
life span for RBC's are 90-120 days
Normal individuals % of a HbA1c 4-6%
diabetic individuals % of a HbA1c should be less than ___ if the pt. wants a better chance of preventing further complications 7%
The result of too much sugar in the blood due to lack of sufficient insulin production. Pt.'s w/ severe diabetes take insulin injections to help their body produce enough insulin. and the medical term for it diabetic coma (hyperglycemia)
this is the result of too much insulin being released into the bloodstream, which metabolizes whatever sugars are in the body sometimes resulting in an extremely decreased blood sugar level. These pt.'s will need something sweet to help jolt sugar levels Insulin shock (hypoglycemia)
Too much food, too little insulin or diabetes pills, illness or stress and the onset starts slowly and may lead to a medical emergency if not treated Hyperglycemia
Symptoms of hyperglycemia extreme thirst, need to urinate often, dry skin, hungry, blurry vision, drowsy, slow-healing wounds
Too little for or skipped a meal; too much insulin. Often sudden; may pass out if untreated Hypoglycemia
Symptoms of hypoglycemia Shaky, fast heartbeat, sweating, dizzy, anxious, hungry, blurry vision, weakness or fatigue, headache and irritable
Created by: bpstears