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WHA Unit 3 Review

QuestionAnswer
Why did King Phillip invade England? To stop the sea dogs and return England to the Catholic Church.
Who were the Huguenots? French Calvinist Protestants who challenged the French monarchy's idea of having one king, one law, and one religion in France.
Because absolute monarchs ruled by ____________, their power was not supposed to be challenged. divine right
What was the Edict of Nantes? It gave Huguenots limited freedom of worship for their religion instead of having to follow the monarch's religion.
What did Louis XIV want to accomplish? He wanted to build up the military and expand French territory.
The War of Austrian Succession was caused by the rivalry between the Hapsburgs and the Hohenzollerns.
Who was the first European monarch to be formally tried and executed by a court of law? Charles I
What was the War of Spanish Succession fought over? In order to prevent France and Spain from being ruled by members of the same family.
A monarchy that is limited by law is called a constitutional monarchy
What was the Petition of Right? d document that placed limits on the king's power: could not levy taxes without Parliament's approval, could not imprison anyone without legal justification or force citizens to house soldiers or declare martial law in peacetime.
Who led the English government after the execution of Charles I? Oliver Cromwell
The term for a Russian monarch czar
This czar wanted to modernize and westernize Russia Peter the Great
How did Catherine show she was an absolute monarch? by strengthening the monarchy's authority in rural areas and also having a man named Pugachev beheaded for claiming to be Peter III and causing unrest
What problems did Charles V have in his attempt to keep Europe Roman Catholic? Growing Protestant movement threatened his influence, confronted Martin Luther & declared him an outlaw, rebellions against Catholic rulers. He signed the Peace of Augsburg in 1555-gave German princes ability to decide on Protestant or Catholic
A new way of thinking that emerged in the mid-1500s Scientific Revolution
Who were the authorities on knowledge and information before the Scientific Revolution? The Church and ancient scholars
Who proposed the geocentric theory that earth was the center of the universe? Aristotle
Denis Diderot wrote this to promote knowledge. Encyclopedia
The Enlightenment reforms of Emperor Joseph II were opposed by the church and the nobility in this country: Austria
philosophers of the Enlightenment were called philosophes
How did most Enlightenment thinkers view women? With traditional views of having roles of wife and mother and only enough education for those roles.
This was known as the Age of Reason The Engligthenment
What new approach allowed scholars to gain new scientific knowledge? scientific method
Believed people had a right to overthrow a government that does not protect their natural rights John Locke
Who believed that people were naturally good? Hobbes or Rousseau? Jean Jaques Rousseau believed people were naturally good.
Believed that without government people's lives were "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. Thomas Hobbes
People should agree to give up some freedoms to a strong leader in exchange for the peace, safety, and order that government could provide Thomas Hobbes' social contract
How did the French and Indian War affect the American colonies? It caused Britain to levy taxes on the colonists since removing the French benefited them. Thus Britain wanted the colonies to pay for the cost of the war.
Why did American colonists object to the Stamp Act? They objected to taxes levied by the British Parliament without having representation in Parliament.
When William and Mary I came to the throne of England this was known as the Glorious Revolution
Who wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
What Enlightenment ideas did the Declaration of Independence express? That citizens had important civil rights such as the right to trial, election, judicial system, and that they had the right to overthrow a government that did not protect those rights.
Who led the American troops in the War for Independence (American Revolution)? George Washington
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution? Because some people argued that the Constitution did not protect the rights of citizens.
Created by: vburke