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WHB-Unit 4 Review

Review for Unit 4 Assessment

QuestionAnswer
What was the Truman Plan? A pledge to provide economic and military aid to oppose the spread of communism. As part of the plan Congress agreed to send hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to Turkey and Greece.
What was the Marshall Plan? Provided $13 billion for rebuilding Europe and promoted rapid recovery and political stability.
How was Germany divided up after WWII? Between the Allied Victors. East Germany was part of the Soviet Union and was communist. West Germany was divided among France, Great Britain, and the U.S. and was a democracy. East & West Berlin were also divided as such.
After World War II there was a rise in birthrates known as the______. baby boom
Why did the Soviets block off all land, rail, and water routes into West Berlin? Because they wanted the West to leave Berlin.
What was the Berlin Airlift? A massive effort to supply West Berlin by air with supplies that were needed.
What is one reason why Western Europe made a rapid recovery from World War II? the United States provided massive economic aid
What is the Potsdam Conference? Divided Germany into four zones of occupation
What was the Warsaw Pact? Military alliance formed in response to the formation of NATO
What was the Red Scare? Fanatical effort to expose Communists in the American film industry and government
How did Winston Churchill use an image to describe the division of Europe? He described it as an iron curtain.
Why did the Soviet Union want to control Eastern Europe after World War II? They wanted a buffer zone of friendly governments to protect against attack.
Until the Soviet Union’s successful launch of _________, Americans thought they had a technological edge over the Soviets. Sputnik
Why was President Kennedy in favor the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty? to slow the development of new and more deadly weapons
What led to the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty? the Cuban missile crisis
What event brought the world on the brink of a nuclear war? The Cuban Missile Crisis
Who was Fidel Castro? He established a communist government in Cuba
Which country revolted against Soviet Domination in 1968? Czechoslovakia
Why did the U.S. fight in the Persian Gulf War? To free the country of Kuwait and protect oil supplies
How did the Cold War end? When the Soviet Union collapsed due to soviet republics declaring independence.
Did the people of Eastern Europe benefit right away after declaring independence from the Soviet Union? No they did not. It took a while to transition from a communist system to a free market economy.
What is the G.I. bill? It provided money for millions of veterans to attend college.
What is Al Qaeda? A terrorist organization that was once led by Osama Bin Laden.
What two countries has the US military been involved in due to the terrorist attacks on 9/11/2001? Iraq and Afghanistan
Created by: vburke