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Middle Ages.


The Franks Germanic people from Gaul (modern day France & Switzerland) .
Convents Religious communities built by the church for women (nuns).
Monasteries Religious communities built by the church for men (monks).
Secular Worldly (involved in politics & other social matters).
Tithe Church tax.
The Papacy The office of the Pope.
Clergy Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, & the Pope.
Lay Investiture A ceremony in which kings & nobles appointed church official.
Simony Selling of church positions.
Canon Law Church law.
Sacraments Important religious ceremonies.
Heretic Anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle.
Feudalism Social structure in medieval Europe including Lords, knights, vassals, serfs & sometimes a king.
Chivalry Complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed.
Manor (In feudalism) the lord's estate.
Crusade A holy war launched by Pope Urban II to reclaim the Hold Lord or Christians.
Common Law Unified body of law in England formed by England's royal judges.
Magna Carta Document drawn up by English nobles & approved by King John which guaranteed certain political rights for the people.
Parliament Legislative group in England originally comprised of two burgesses (citizens of wealth & property) from every borough & two knights from every country.
Estates-General Meeting of the three estates in France: 1st was the church leaders, 2nd was the great lords, & the 3rd was the commoners.
Created by: KaitlynWayne