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Middle ages

TermDefinition
The Franks Germanic people from Gaul (modern day France and Switzerland
Monasteries Religious communities built by the church for men (monks)
Convents Religious communities built by the church for women (nuns)
Secular Worldly (involved in politics and other social matters)
The Papacy The office of the Pope
Tithe Church tax
Clergy Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the Pope
Lay Investiture A ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials
Sacraments Important religious ceremonies
Simony Selling of church positions
Canon Law Church law
Heretic Anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle
Feudalism Social structure in medieval Europe including lords, knights, vassals, serfs and sometimes a king.
Manor in feudalism) the lord’s estate
Chivalry Complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed
Crusade A holy war launched by Pope Urban II to reclaim the Holy Land for Christians
Common Law Unified body of law in England formed by England’s royal judge
Parliament Legislative group in England originally comprised of two burgesses (citizens of wealth and property) from every borough and two knights from every county.
Magna Carta Document drawn up by English nobles and approved by King John which guaranteed certain political rights for the people
Estates-General Meeting of the three estates in France: 1st was the Church leaders, 2nd was the great lords, and the 3rd was the commoners
Created by: Reyantonio