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Africa Geography

Geography of Africa Test Study Guide

Desertification the process in which grasslands turn into deserts
Deforestation the destruction of trees and rainforests
Sahel the transition zone between the Sahara desert and the rainforests
Savanna grasslands
Sahara the largest desert in the world; located in Northern Africa
Where do most people live in Africa? Near rivers and along the coasts
Which areas in the Sahara have high population densities? Along the Nile River and near oases
Where are rainforests located in Africa? in Central Africa along the Congo River
Which environmental issue is negatively impacting the rainforests? deforestation
What type of job do people in the rainforest have? logging
Where is the Sahel located in Africa? south of the Sahara and north of the rainforests
Which environmental issue is negatively impacting the Sahel? desertification
What types of jobs do people have in the Sahel? subsistence farming and herding animals
Subsistence farming when farmers only grow enough food for their families to survive
What is the relationship between literacy rate and standard of living? The higher the literacy rate, the higher the standard of living
What is the difference between ethnic groups and religious groups? Ethnic groups share a common culture, traditions, history, and language. Religious groups share a common religion.
Where do Arabs live in Africa? In the northern and eastern parts of Africa
Which religion do most Arabs practice? Islam
Where do the Ashanti live in Africa? Ghana
Which religions to the Ashanti practice? traditional religions, Islam, and Christianity
Where do the Swahili live in Africa? East Africa
Which religion do most Swahili practice? Islam
Describe the Bantu people. The Bantu people migrated from the Sahara desert throughout central and southern Africa. Many people in Africa can trace their language and cultures to the Bantu.
What are the two most common religions in Africa? Christianity and Islam
What are "water wars"? Disagreements between countries about how to share the limited fresh water resources
Why are "water wars" becoming a reality in Africa? The amount of clean fresh water is shrinking, while the population in Africa is continuing to grow.
What are the causes of desertification? overgrazing, drought, poor farming practices, and deforestation
How is desertification negatively impacting the people in Africa? Farmers are unable to use their land once it becomes a desert which leads to poverty and starvation.
How does polluted water impact people in Africa? It is difficult for people to find clean water to drink and use in Africa. Drinking polluted water can lead to sickness and even death.
Created by: MsBentley