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Ch. 4

Hyksos Asiatic invaders that ruled Egypt from about 1640 to 1570 b.c.
New Kingdom Existed about 1570-1075 B.C.
Hatshepsut Declared declared herself pharaoh around 1472 b.c.
Nubia A region of Africa that straddled the upper Nile
Thutmose III Hatshepsut’s stepson-- may have even murdered Hatshepsut-- ruler after her
Ramses II Was a pharaoh-- made a treaty that promised “peace and brotherhood between us forever."
Kush Nubian country whose rulers controlled Egypt from 2000 to 1000 b.c.
Meroë Center of the Kush dynasty from about 250 b.c. to a.d. 150
Piankhi a Kushite king that overthrew the Libyan dynasty that had ruled Egypt for over 200 years
Assyria Southwest Asian kingdom that controlled a large empire from about 850 to 612 b.c.
Sennacherib Assyrian King that helped built an empire that stretched from east and north of the Tigris River all the way to central Egypt
Ashurbanipal Collected more than 20,000 clay tablets from throughout the Fertile Crescent in the unique Nineveh large library
Chaldeans Southwest Asian people who helped to destroy the Assyrian Empire
Nebuchadnezzar A Chaldean King who helped restore the city of Babylon
Cyrus Persia's king in 550 b.c.
Medes Southwest Asian people who helped destroy the Assyrian Empire
Nineveh Asseria's capital along the Tigris River
Cambyses Cyrus's son who expanded the Persian Empire by conquering Egypt
Darius A noble of the ruling dynasty
satrap A governor of a province in the Persian Empire
Royal Road A road in the Persian Empire stretching over 1600 miles for traveling
Zoroaster A Persian prophet who lived around 600 b.c.
Confucius China's most influential scholar
filial piety Respect shown by children toward their elders
bureaucracy A system of departments and agencies formed to carry out the work of the government
Daoism A philosophy based on the ideas of the Chinese thinker Laozi
Legalism A Chinese political philosophy based on the idea that a highly efficient and powerful government is the key to social order
I Ching A Chinese book of oracles, consulted to answer ethical and practical problems
yin and yang Two powers that governed the natural rhythms of life
Qin Dynasty A short-lived Chinese dynasty that replaced the Zhou dynasty in the third century b.c.
Shi Huangdi Qin ruler assumed this name. It means “First Emperor"
autocracy A government in which the ruler has limited power and uses it in an arbitrary manner
Created by: Lil_titto99