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Bonewit 4

Vital Signs (Mallory Lough)

TermDefinition
diastole the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions.
diastolic pressure the point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded during diastole.
dyspnea shortness of breathe or difficulty breathing.
dysrhythmia an irregular; also termed arrhythmia.
eupnea normal respiration. the rate is 16 to 20 respirations per minute, the rhythm is even a regular, and the depth is normal.
exhalation the act of breathing out.
fahrenheit scale a temperature scale on which the freezing point of water is 32 degrees and the boiling point of water is 212 degrees.
febrile pertaining to fever.
fever a body temperature that is above normal; synonym for pyrexia.
frenulumn linguae the midline fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth.
hyperpnea an abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respiration.
hyperpyrexia an extremely high fever.
hypertension high blood pressure.
hyperventilation an abnormally fast and deep type of breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety conditions.
hypopnea an abnormal decrease in the rate of depth of repiration.
hyperpyrexia an extremely high fever.
hypertension high blood pressure.
hyperventilation an abnormally fast and deep type of breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety conditions.
hypopnea an abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of respiration.
hypotension low blood pressure.
hypothermia a body temperature that is below normal.
hypoxemia a decrease in the oxygen saturation of the blood. hypoxemia may lead to hypoxia.
hypoxia a reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body.
inhalation the act of breathing in.
intercostal between the ribs.
korotkoff sounds sounds heard during the measurement of the blood pressure that are used to determine the sytolic and diastolic blood pressure readings.
malaise a vague sense of body discomfort, weakness, and fatigue that often marks the onset of a disease and continues through the course of the illness
manometer an instrument for measuring pressure.
meniscus the curved surface on a column of liquid in a tube.
orthopnea the condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position.
pulse oximeter a computerized device consisting of a probe and a monitor used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
pulse oximetry the use of the pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
pulse pressure the difference between the styolic and diastolic pressures.
pulse rhythym the time interval between heartbeats.
pulse volume the strength of the heratbeat.
radiation the transfer of energy, such as heat, in the form of waves.
SaO2 (saturation of arterial oxygen) abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood.
sphygmommanometer an instrument for the measuring arterial blood pressure.
SpO2 (saturation of perpiheral oxygen) abbreviation the percentage hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter.
stethoscope an instrument used for anything amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body.
systole the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract, sending blood out of the heart and into the aorta and pulmonary aorta.
systolic pressure the point of maximum pressure on the arterial wa;ls, which is recorded during systole.
tachycardia an abnormally fast heart rate (more than 100 bpm)
tachypnea an abnormal increase in the respiratory rate of more than 20 respirations per minute.
thready pulse a pulse with a decreased volume that feels weak and thin.
Created by: mallorylough