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world history vocab2

TermDefinition
caravel a light,fast sailing ship
Henry the navigator a patron and supporter of those who wished to explore
vasco da Gama Portuguese navigator, first to sail around Africa and reach India by sea
Christopher Columbus Italian explorer sailing for Spain but reach the Americas
Ferdinand Megellan Portuguese navigator, his ships were the first to sail around the globe but he died on the journey
Circumnavigate sail completely around the world
Sir Francis Drake English admiral, he rounded the tip of south America and explored the west coast
Henry Hudson English navigator, he sailed for the Dutch east India Company and discovered the Hudson river in present day New York
econmienda a colonist was given a certain amount of land and a number of native Americans to work their land
Hernan Cortes Spanish trader, he defeated the Aztec Empire. conquering Mexico for Spain
conquistador a conqueror, a term applied to Spanish military leaders who fought against the native people of the Americas
Franciso Pizarro Spanish conquistador, founder of Lima Peru. Conquered the Inca Empire
Treaty of Tordesillas drew a imaginary line through the north south agreement
Franciso Pizarro Spanish conquistador, founder of Lima Peru. Conquered the Inca Empire
Treaty of Tordesillas drew a imaginary line through the north south agreement between Spain and portuagal
Columbian Exchange the transfer of plants, animals, disease between the Americans and Europe Asia and Africa
Merchantilism Europeans develop a new type of economic policy
Balance of trade the difference in value between what a nation imports and exports over a period of time
Subsidies grants of money to help business people start new industries
capitalism economic system in which most business are _______________ owned
joint-Stock companies business formed by groups of people who jointly make an investment and share in the profits and losses
plantations where slaves work________________________________________________________________________________________________________
triangular trade trading network carrying goods and slaves
middle passage name for voyages that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic ocean to North America
Olaudah Equiano African American Abolitionist wrote story about his journey
African Diaspora the dispersal of people of African decry throughout the Americans and western Europe due to the slave trade
Created by: Craycray