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pharmacology

respiratory, dermatologic, opthalmic, otic

QuestionAnswer
what class is ipatropium anticholinergic
what class is theophylline methylxanthines
common long acting beta agonist (LABA) salmeterol, formoterol
common short acting beta agonist (SABA) albuterol, levalbuterol
what is the hallmark of asthma? decreased forced expiatory volume
asthma remodeling results in what? permanent structural changes
major characteristics of asthma bronchial hyper-responsiveness airway inflammation airway obstruction
what is a contraindication to asthma corticosteroids? hypersensitivity to mile products
first step in NAEPP guidelines in pharm. approach to asthma SABA PRN
second step in NAEPP guidelines in pharm. approach to asthma Low dose ICS
third step in NAEPP guidelines in pharm. approach to asthma low dose ICS and LABA or medium dose ICS
fourth step in NAEPP guidelines in pharm. approach to asthma Medium dose ICS and LABA
fifth step in NAEPP guidelines in pharm. approach to asthma high dose ICS and LABA
sixth step in NAEPP guidelines in pharm. approach to asthma high dose ICS and LABA and oral corticosteroid
LABA should NEVER be used without accompanying.... corticosteriod
pathophysiology of COPD chronic airflow limitation inflammation within airways, pulmonary vasculature and lung parenchyma
COPD changes include: lung parynchemia decreased elastic recoil decreased force of expiration flattening of diaphragm
In a diagnosis of COPD what is the FEV1/FVC ? <70%
In the COPD GOLD classification system, _____ and _____ automatically places the patient in stage IV: very severe catergory. right sided heart failure and chronic respiratory failure
True of False: none of the medications used for COPD have been shown to modify long term lung function True
what is prescribed for patients with group A in the COPD GOLD algorithm SAMA or SABA
what is prescribed for patients with group B in the COPD GOLD algorithm LAMA or LABA
what is prescribed for patients with group C in the COPD GOLD algorithm ICS and LABA or LAMA
what is prescribed for patients with group D in the COPD GOLD algorithm ICS and LABA and LAMA
What is the fist choice treatment plan for mild to moderate URI symptoms? 1st choice is oral: antihistamine (non-sedating)& decongestant
what is the second choice for mild to moderate URI symptoms? second choice is nasal: nasal antihistamines intranasal cromolyn & leukotriene receptor antagoinst
ointments increased lubrication and occlusion use for dry or thick hyperkertotic lesion avoid in hairy areas
creams mix of water and oil suspension well absorbed into the skin less potent than ointments no occlusive effects
lotions less greasy and occlusive contains alcohol and has drying effect useful in hairy areas
gels beneficial for exudative inflammation (poison ivy) dries quickly applied to scalp or hairy areas
with dermatologic agents topical antifungals, how long must you treat? until complete turnover of skin
what is the hallmark of bacterial conjunctivitis? purulent drainage
what is the hallmark of viral conjunctivitis? clear drainage
Name a common LAMA spiriva
name a common SAMA atrovent
Created by: smaniaci