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Chapter 5

Musculoskeletal System

arthrodesis surgical immobilization of a joint
arthroplasty reshaping or reconstruction of a joint
aspiration use of a needle and a syringe to withdraw fluid
closed treatment treatment of a fracture without surgical opening and visualization
curettage scraping of a cavity using a spoon-shaped instrument
dislocation placement in a location other than the original location
endoscopy inspection of body organs or cavities using a lighted scope that may be inserted through an existing opening or through a small incision
fasciectomy excision of fascia
fracture break in a bone
internal/external fixation application of pins, wires, screws, and so on to immobilize a body parts; they can be placed externally or internally
abduction movement of a limb away from the mid line of the body
adduction movement of limb toward the midline of the body
circumduction circular movement of a limb
extension movement by which two parts are drawn away from each other
flexion movement by which two parts are drawn toward each other
hyperextension excessive extension of a limb
pronation applied to the hand, the act of turning the palm down
supination applied to the hand, the act of turning the palm up
kyphosis humpback, the abnormal curvature of the spine
ligament a band of fibrous tissue that connects cartiliage or bone and supports a joint
lysis releasing
manipulation or reduction words used interchangeably to mean the attempted restoration of a fracture or joint dislocation to its normal anatomic position
muscle fibrous structure that can contract and facilitates the movement of the body. There are three types smooth, skeletal, and cardiac
open treatment fracture site that is surgically opened and visualized
osteotomy cutting into bone
percutaneous through the skin
percutaneous skeletal fixation considered neither open nor closed; the fracture is not visualized, but fixation is placed across the fracture site under the x-ray imaging
scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
tenodesis suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone
tenorrhaphy together of two parts of a tendon
traction application of force to a limb
trocar needle needle with a tube on the end; used to puncture and withdraw fluid from a cavity
Created by: mujerlatina