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BMMS India

BMMS Ch. 7 India

subcontinent a large landmass that is part of a continent but considered a separate landform
Hindu Kush a mountain range along the northwestern border of India
Himalayas a high mountain range that extends through India, southern Tibet, Nepal, and Bhutan
monsoon a seasonal wind that produces a wet or dry period in a region, especially in southern Asia
Harappan Civilization an ancient culture that emerged in the Indus River Valley
planned city city built by design
Aryan Indo-European people that moved into india about 1500 B.C.
caste a social class based on jobs
Brahmanism early Aryan religion
Hinduism a religion in India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and supreme beings that take many forms
reincarnation the rebirth of the soul in another body
karma the belief that the deeds of a person affects what he or she will be in the next life
ahimsa nonviolence
Buddhism a religion began in India based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama
Siddhartha Gautama an Indian prince that founded Buddhism; also known as Buddha
nirvana In Hinduism and Buddhism, a state of wisdom that ends suffering and breaks the cycle of reincarnation
dharma the collected teachings of the Buddha
Asoka the greatest Maurya king
Mohandas Ghandi a leader who used nonviolence to oppose British rule of India
Hindu-Arabic numerals the numeral used in the United States, which originated in India
Mahabarata an epic poem that retells many legends
Bhagavad Gita the most important text in Hinduism
Brahma the creator god in Hinduism
Vishnu the protector god in Hinduism
Shiva the destroyer goddess in Hinduism
Brahmin Class Aryan priests, scholars, teachers
Ksatriya Class rulers, nobles, warriors
Vaisya Class bankers, merchants, farmers
Sudra Class artisans, laborers
Untouchables They were outside the class system. they did jobs no one else wanted
yoga a complex practice that includes excercise, breathing techniques, and diet
Sanskrit the language of the Aryans
moderation not too much, not too little
Created by: fishburn