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The Renaissance


Urban Society A system in which cities are the center of political, economic, and social life.
Secular Worldly
Mercenary A soldier who sells his service to the highest bidder.
Dowry A gift of money or property paid at the time of marriage either by the bride's parents to the husband in Islamic societies, by a husband to his wife.
Christian Humanism A movement that developed in northern Europe during the Renaissance combining classical learning with the goal of reforming the catholic church.
Salvation The state of being saved (that is, going to heaven) through faith alone or through faith and good work.
Indulgence A release from all or part of punishment for sin by the catholic church, reducing time in purgatory after death.
Annul Declare invalid
Da Vinci Painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician
Francesco Sforza Conquered Milan and became the new duke. Was the leader of a band of mercenaries
Cosimo de' Medici Took control of Florence in 1434. His wealthy family controlled the government from behind the scenes.
Lorenzo de' Medici Grandson of Cosimo, dominated the city at a time when Florence was the cultural center of Italy.
Niccolo Machiavelli Wrote "The Prince", one of the most influential works on the political power in the Western world.
Humanism An intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of humanities, which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, and history.
Fresco A painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water based paints.
Petrarch The father of Italian Renaissance humanism, looked for forgotten Latin manuscripts and set up a search for similar manuscripts in monastic libraries throughout Europe.
Dante Italian author that helped make vernacular literature more popular.
Michealangelo accomplished painter, sculptor, and architect, was another artistic master of the High Renaissance.
Jan van Eyck Flemish painter- among the first to use oil paint, which enabled the artist to use a wide variety of colors and create fine details as in his paintings.
Albrecht Durer German artist affected by italians. Made the famous Adoration of the Magi. He tried to achieve a standard of ideal beauty that was based on a careful examination of the human form.
Martin Luther Began the Reformation in the early sixteenth century.
Desiderius Erasmus Best known of all Christian humanists. Called his view of religion "the philosophy of Christ". Wrote the "The Praise of Folly"
Edict of Worms Made Martin Luther an outlaw within the empire. His works were to be burned and Luther himself captured and delivered to the emperor.
Charles V Holy Roman emperor, ruled an immense empire consisting of Spain and its colonies.
Peace of Augsburg Led an end o religious warfare in Germany in 1555. Agreement formally accepted the division of Christianity in Germany.
Predestination The belief that God has determined in advance who will be saved (the elect) and who will be dammed. (the reprobate.)
Ulrich Zwingli A priest in Zurich.
John Calvin Educated in his native france. After his conversion to Protestantism he was forced to flee Catholic France for the safety of Switzerland.
Henry VIII A king in the English Reformation region who wanted to divorce his wife.
Ignatius of Loyola Spanish nobleman who founded the society of Jesus. Gathered a small group of followers, which was recognized as a religious order by the Pope in 1540.
Created by: lindseybertone