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Chapter 6

Sec1. res publica "Public affairs"
Sec1. Republic A government in which power is in the hands of representatives and leader
Sec1. Patricians Wealthy land owners. Privileged upper class. Held most of the power.
Sec1. Plebeians Common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up most of the population.
Sec1. Tribunes An official elected by the plebeians to defend their rights.
Sec2. Legion A military unit of the ancient roman army's made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and another group of soldiers on horseback.
Sec2. triumvirate A group of three rulers
Sec2. Pax Romana A period of peace and prosperity through out the Roman Empire. (27BC-180AD)
Sec2.Civil service Paying workers to manage the affairs of government, such as the grain supply, tax collection, and he postal system.
Sec2. Denarius An ancient roman silver coin originally worth ten donkeys.
Sec2. Numina Powerful spirits or Devine forces.
Sec1. Hannibal Carthaginian General in the second Punic war. Repeatedly defeated the Romans but failed to take over Rome itself.
Sec3. apostle Follower of Jesus who preached and spread his teaching.
Sec3. scapegoat A goat sent into the wilderness after the Main Cheif priest had symbolically laid the peoples sins on it.
Sec3. Diaspora When the Jews left their homeland.
Sec3. hierarchy A system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above another according to status or authority.
Sec3. bishop Senior member of the Christian clergy typically I charge of a diocese and empowered to confer holy orders.
Sec3. Pope The bishop of Rome as the head of the Roman Catholic Church.
Sec4. Inflation A general increase in prices, and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Sec4. Mercenary Foreign soldiers who fought for money.
Sec4. Constantinople The former name of Istanbul when it was given its name by Constantine the Great until the early 20th century.
Sec4. Huns A member of a warlike Asiatic nomadic people who ravaged Europe in the 4th and 5th centuries.
Sec4. Attila King of the Huns. Very violent king.
Sec4. Pirates People who would attack and rob ships at sea.
Sec5. Greco-Roman culture The mixing of elements of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures.
Sec5. Pompeii An ancient city in western Italy.
Sec5. Virgil A poet famous for Latin Literature.
Sec5. Tacitus A historian who has many famous annals in the Roman Empire.
Sec5. aqueducts An artificial channel for conveying water, usually in the form of a bridge with tall coulombs across a valley.
Sec5. Aeneid Latin epic poem in twelve books written by Virgil which relates to the travels and experiences of Aeneas after the fall of Troy.
Sec1. Consul An official appointed by a government to live In a foreign city and protect the promote of the governments citizens and interests there.
Sec2. Civil war Conflict between two groups in the same country.
Sec3. Christos A Greek word meaning messiah or savior.
Sec4. Diocletian A strong willed army leader who became the new emperor in 284AD.
Sec5. bas-relief sculptures Sculptures with images that project from flat backgrounds that usually tell a story.
Created by: gdawn17