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Blakelen Cunningham

Chapter 6

TermDefinition
The origins of Rome Rome was founded in 753 b.c.
Geography Built on seven rolling hills at a curve on the Timber River near the center of the Italian peninsula
The first Romans From about 1,000 to 500 b.c. three groups inhabited this region and eventually battled for control
Patricians and plebeians Patricians were wealthy land owners who held most power. Plebeians are an important group of common farmers, artisans, and merchants, who make up the majority of the population
War with Carthage Between 264 and 146 b.c. Fought 3 Punic wars
Hannibal The mastermind behind the second Punic war. He was a brilliant military strategist who wanted to avenge Carthage's earliest defeat
The republic collapses The most serious were growing discontent among the lower classes of society and a breakdown in military order
The republic collapses The most serious were growing discontent among the lower classes of society and a breakdown in military order.
Julius Caesar In 60 b.c. He wS a military leader who joined forces with Crassus
Caesars reforms Governed Rome as an absolute ruler, one who has total power
Beginning the empire A civil war broke out again and destroyed what was left of the Roman Republic after Caesars death
A vast and powerful empire Beginning of agriculturist rule in 27 b.c at a.d 180 was a period known as Pax Romana - Roman peace
Agriculture and trade 90% of people were Are in gaged in farming, cities on the cost line grew wealthy and Rome traded with China and India
The Rome world Rome emphasized the values of discipline, strength, and loyalty.
Slaves and captivity Slavery was a significant part of Roman life
The life and teachings of Jesus Roman power spread to Judea the home of Jews around 63 b.c
Religion A faithful belief or something to aid with the problems of life
The Jews We're persecuted because of there beliefs
Christianity spreads throughout the empire The apostle Paul, who never met Jesus, spent the rest of his life spreading and interpreting Christ's teachings
Jewish rebellion In a.d 66 a band of Jews rebelled against Rome. In a.d 70 the Romans destroyed a temple complex in Jerusalem
Persecution of the Christians Romans exiled, imprisoned, or executed Christians for refusing to worship roman exiled
A world religion Roman emperor Constantine prayed for Devine help before a battle
The chieftain of the mongol group who now became a direct threat to Rome was Attila
Pax Romana The end of the reign of Marcus Aurelius marked the end of two centuries of peace and prosperity
Inflation Caused by the drastic drop in the value of money
Final collapses of the western Roman Empire The seperation of the western empire from the wealthier eastern part and the outside invasion.
East Was the portion that survived when the empire was divided
Romulus Augustulus The last roman emperor
Grenco roman The mixing of elements of Greek, Hellenistic, and roman culture
Roman fine arts Learned to sculpt from the Greeks. Most roman villas, the country house of the wealthy, had at least one colorful mosaic
Pompeii Paintings in Roman towns
Learning and literature Romans barrowed much of their philosophy
The legacy of Rome Latin was the language of the Romans
The legacy of Rome They were master builders and used aqueducts to support bridges
Roman system of laws Early roman laws delt mostly with strengthening the rights of roman citizens
Created by: Blakelen