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Human Legacy Ch. 4.1

The Power of Spain

absolute monarch a ruler whose power was not limited by having to consult with the nobles, common people, or their representatives
divine right a concept that held that the monarchs received their power from God and therefore must not be challenged
Charles V king of Spain; Holy Roman Emperor from 1519 to 1558; his opposition to the Protestant Reformation embroiled Spain in a series of wars throughout his reign
Peace of Augsburg an agreement signed in 1555, gave each German prince the right to decide whether his state would be Catholic or Protestant
Phillip II king of Spain, Naples, and Portugal; he led Roman Catholic efforts to recover Europe from Protestantism; he was defeated by England and the Netherlands
El Greco Greek painter in Spain; chiefly religious in nature,his works express the spirit of the Counter, or Catholic Reformation
Diego Velazquez Spanish painter; he painted in a realistic style but also worked in impressionism towards the end of his career
Miguel de Cervantes Spanish novelist, dramatist, and poet; he wrote Don Quixote de la Mancha
Sister Juana Ines de la Cruz Mexican nun and poet; she wrote poetry, prose, and plays
Spanish Armada a great fleet that totaled 130 ships and 20,000 soldiers and sailors that was unexpectedly defeated by the English