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JHistory

exam 2 Johnson Book

QuestionAnswer
Reason(s) for John the Baptists execution He was preaching against Herod Antipas, who had a Samaritan brother, and who broke mosaic law by marrying his brother's wife. John the Baptist was gaining following and seen as threat.
King Herod's "Contributions" Maniacal murderous opportunist. Executed 40 Saducees and a hasmonean family. - Did complete several massive building projects: Expansion of second temple in Jerusalem (Herod's temple), The port at Caesarea Maritima, the fortress at Masada and her odium.
Personalities/forces behind influence of Helenism in Israel Alexander the great, Plato, Aristotle
The oldest biblical manuscripts ever found Codex Sainiticus (found at monastery on Mt.Sinai), Codex Vaticanus 350 A.D.
The profession that was probably evolving around the "silent period" The years 400-200 B.C. - There were no great events or calamities the Jews chose to record. Perhaps they were happy under Persian rule.
The significance of the "restoration prophets"
The period during which jews became most disciplined in the practices of Judaism as a religion
Ezekial's most famous vision Valley of the dry bones. The dry bones’ vision is a prediction and a promise from God that he would deliver Israel out of captivity and return them to their home.
The causes of the Jewish war against the seleucids Antiochus's full assault on Judaism.
The historical significance of Hannukah The Maccabee's victory of the Seleucid army and re-dedication of the temple in Jerusalem to God. Also oil burning (Rabbi story)
The characteristics if the Sicarii Small curved blade concealed under robes, used to kill Roman soldiers.
The first process of translating the hebrew bible The first translation of the Bible was when the Hebrew Old Testament was translated into Greek in about 250BC. This translation is known as the Septuagint
The major idea of the Jewish concept of Messiah The term "mashiach" literally means "the anointed one," and refers to the ancient practice of anointing kings with oil when they took the throne. The mashiach is the one who will be anointed as king in the End of Days.
The significance of the Hasmoneans Reasserted the Jewish religion, expanding the boundaries of the Land of Israel, by conquest, which included instances of forced conversion, reducing the influence of Hellenism and Hellenistic Judaism.
Thew critical difference between Nebuchadnezzar and Cyrus Cyrus was ethical and universalistic. Did not wish to keep the Jews in custody. Happy to respect religious belief of subject peoples.
Created by: exoskell
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