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Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome Vocabulary

TermDefinition
republic In a republic, people elect leaders to govern them. Each year the Romans elected offcials to rule the city. This system was supposed to keep any one person from becoming too powerful in the government.
plebeians members of the common people in ancient Rome
consuls one of the two top government officials in ancient Rome
empires a large group of territories that is controlled under one ruler or government
Etruscans immigrants who settled in ancient Rome from about 900 B.C. to 500 B.C.
archaeologists scientists who learns about human life by studying fossils and artifacts
patricians wealthy landowner and member of the ruling class in ancient Rome who could hold public office
alliances unions or bonds formed between two parties;often used in referring to nations or governments
dictators rulers who have complete power
artifacts Objects produced or shaped by human craft, especially a tool, weapon, or ornament of archaeological or historical interest.
Aqueducts a structure that carries the water of a canal across a river or hollow
Engineering The science or profession of developing and using nature's power and resources in ways that are useful to people
Legion A major unit of Roman Soldiers consisting of 3,000 to 6,000 soldiers
Architecture The art or science of designing and building structures and buildings
Romance Language the group of languages derived from Latin
Colosseum An amphitheater in Rome built about 75-80 AD
Roman Roads Allowed Rome to maintain contact with its large empire, and allowed ideas to spread through the empire.
tripartite (try-PAHR-tyt) government A government with three parts. Each part had its own responsibilities.
12 Tables The Law of the Twelve Tables governed many parts of Roman life. Some laws were written to protect the rights of all Romans. Others only protected the patricians.
Created by: kknauss