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Myel/o Bone marrow OR spinal cord
Myelogenic Pertaining to originating in the bone marrow
Hemopoiesis(Hematopoiesis) Formation of blood
Hemopoiesis(Hematopoiesis)occurs in the Bone marrow
Myeloma Tumor OR mass of the bone marrow
Oste/o Bone
Osteitis Inflammation of a bone
Osteomyelitis Inflammation of a bone AND bone marrow
Ostectomy Surgical removal of a bone
Osteoplasty Surgical repair of a bone
Osteotome Instrument used to cut bone
Osteotomy Surgical incision of a bone
Osteopathy A disease condition of a bone
Osteomalacia A condition of bone softening
Osteocyte Bone cell
Osteonecrosis Death of bone tissue
Osteoporosis Abnormal condition of porous(holes)bones AKA "brittle bone disease"
Arthr/o Joint
A joint is found wherever bones Articulate(articulation)
Articulation refers to Movement
Arthritis Inflammation of a joint
Hemarthrosis Abnormal condition of blood in a joint
Arthrodesis Fixation of a joint
Arthroplasty Surgical repair of a joint
Arthrotomy Surgical incision of a joint
Arthralgia A condition of joint pain
Arthrogram A record of a joint
Arthrocentesis Surgical puncture of a joint
OseoArthritis(OA) Inflammation of a bone AND a joint
Arthroscopy Process of veiwing a joint
Chondr/o Cartilage
Cartilage is found Between articulating bones
Cartilage is pliable(flexible)tissue that functions as a Shock absorber AND reduces friction between articulating bones
Chondrectomy Excision of cartilage
Chondroplasty Surgical repair of cartilage
Osteochondritis Inflammation of a bone AND cartilage
Synovi/o Synovium
Synovia are Joint membranes
Synovectomy Surgical removal of a synovium
Synovitis Inflammation of a synovium
Burs/o Bursa<---(singular)
Bursea<--(plural)are fluid filled joint sacs
Bursitis Inflammation of a bursa
Bursolith A stone in a bursa
Bursectomy Surgical removal of a bursa
Bursotomy Surgical incision of a bursa
Ten/o OR tend/o OR tendin/o Tendon(s)
Tendons connect Muscles(my/o)to bones
Each achilles tendon connects a gastrocnemius(calf)muscle to a calcaneus(heel)bone
Tendotome An instrument to cut tendon
Tenotomy Surgical incision of a tendon
Tenorrhaphy Suturing of a tendon
Tenodynia Pain in a tendon
Tendinitis Inflammation of a tendon
Tenomyoplasty Surgical repair of a tendon AND muscle
Tenosynovitis Inflammation of a tendon AND synovium
Ligaments bind Bone to bone
Ligaments allow a specific ROM which stands for Range Of Motion(Movement)
Vertebr/o OR Spondyl/o Vertebra(e)AKA back bones(spinal column)
Intervertebal Pertaining to between vertebrae
Spondylitis Inflammation of a vertebra
Spondylarthritis Inflammation of a vertebra AND joint
Cervic/o Neck
The cervical vertebrae are named C1-C7
Cervicofacial Pertaining to the neck AND face
Thorac/o Thorax(chest)
The thoracic vertebrae are named T1-T12
Thoracotomy Surgical incision of the thorax(chest)
Thoracocentesis Surgical puncture of the thorax(chest)
Lumb/o Low back
The lumbar vertebrae are named L1-L5
Lumbodynia A condition of low back pain
What time do many people eat breakfast,lunch,and dinner? 7am-12-noon-5pm 7cervical vertebrae(C1-C7)12 thoracic vertebrae(T1-T12)5 lumbar vertebrae(L1-L5)
Sacr/o Sacrum
The sacrum makes up the posterior portion of the pelvis AND the Inferior portion of the vertebral column
Sacrovertebral Pertaining to the sacrum and the vertebrae
LumboSacral(LS) Pertaining to the lumbar vertebrae AND sacrum
Coccyxg/o Coccyx(tail bone)
Coccyxgeal Pertaining to the coccyx
Lamin/o Lamina<---(singular)
The laminae,<--(plural)are Part of each vertebral arch
Laminectomy Surgical removal of a lamina
Disk/o Disk(disc)
Intervertebral disks are Cartilage found between the vertebrae
Diskitis Inflammation of a disk
Diskectomy Sugical removal of a disk
Diskocele Herniated disk AKA a slipped disk,OR ruptured disk, OR bulging disk
Cost/o Rib(s) (cost alot)
Intercostal chondritis Inflammation of the cartilage between the ribs
Costectomy Excision of a rib
Subcostal Pertaining to below OR under a rib
Lumbocostal Pertaining to the lumbar vertebrae AND ribs
Vertebrocostal pertaining to a vertebra AND rib
Crani/o Cranium(skull)
Cranioplasty Sugical repair of the cranium(skull)
Craniotomy surgical incision of the cranium(skull)
Maxill/o Maxilla AKA superior(upper) jaw
Maxillitis Inflammation of the maxilla
Maxillofacial pertaining to the maxilla AND face
Maxillectomy surgical removal of the maxilla
Submaxillary Pertaining to below the maxilla
Mandibul/o Mandible AKA inferior(lower)jaw
Submandibular Pertaining to under the mandible
Tempormandibular joint(TMJ) The joint where a temporal bone AND mandible articulate
Clavicul/o Clavicle(s)AKA collar bones
Midclavicular Pertaining to the middle of a clavicle
Scapul/o Scapula(e)AKA shoulder bones(blades(s))
Superascapular Pertaining to above a scapula
Stern/o Sternum AKA breast bone
Retrosternal Pertaining to behind the sternum
Sternotomy Surgical incision of a sternum
Substernal Pertaining to below the sternum
Sternoclavicular Pertaining to the sternum AND a clavicle
Xiphoid process The xiphoid process is a landmark for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation(CPR)
Humor/o Humerus or humeri AKA superior arm bone(s)
Humeral Pertaining to a humerus
Radi/o Radius OR radii AKA the lateral inferior arm bone(s) on the thumb side
The combining form radi/o also means X-rays
Radial Pertaining to a radius
Uln/o Ulna(e)AKA medial inferior arm bone(s)
Ulnar Pertaining to an ulna
Carp/o Carpal(s)AKA wrist bone(s)
Carpoptosis Prolapse(drooping or sagging) of a carpal
Carpectomy Sugical removal of a carpal
Metacarp/o Metacarpal(s)AKA hand bones
Metacarpectomy Sugical removal of a metacarpal
Phalang/o OR dactyl/o or phalanx OR phalanges AKA Finger(s) Or toe(s) OR digit(s)
Phalangeal Pertaining to a phalanx
Dactylitis Inflammation of a phalanx
Phalangectomy Sugical removal of a phalanx
Pelv/i The pelvis consists of the Ischia,ilia AND pubes
Femor/o Femur(s) AKA thigh bone(s)
Iliofemoral Pertaining to an ilium AND femur
Pubofemoral Pertaining to a pubis AND femur
Patell/o Patella(e)AKA knee caps
Suprapatellar Pertaining to above a patella
Patellpexy Sugical fixation of a patella
Patellectomy Surgical removal of a patella
Tibi/o Tibia(shin(s) AKA anterior inferior leg bone(s)
Tibial Pertaining to a tibia
Fibul/o Fibula(e) AKA posterior inferior leg bone(s)
Fibular Pertaining to a fibula
Tars/o Tarsal(s) AKA ankle bone(s)
Tarsectomy Sugical removal of a tarsal
Ped/i OR pod/o Foot or feet
Pedicure Cosmetic care of the feet AND toenails
Podiatrist(chiropodist) A specialist in the treatment of feet
Orthopedics(ortho) the study of the musculoskeletal system
Bunion Arthromegaly usually affecting the joint at the base of a great toe
Prosthesis(prosthetic) Any artifical body part
Chiropractor A specialist in manipulation of the vertebral column
Strain Injury to a muscle(pull)
Kyphosis(Kyphotic) Abnormal forward curature of the vertebrae AKA hunchback
Scoliosis(scliotic) Abnormal S shape curve to the vertebrae
Lordosis(lordotic) Abnormal backward curvature of the vertebrae(looking up to the Lord)
Bone scan Nuclear medicine record of a bone
Bone densitometry The process of measuring density of bone
Electromyogram A record of the electrical activity in a muscle
Amputation (surgical)removal of a limb
Phantom limb Illusion following an amputation that the limb still exists
Greater trochanter The superior portion of a fermur that articulates with the pelvis
ACL Anterior cruciate ligament
CTS Carpal tunnel syndrome
IM Intramuscular
MD Muscular dystrophy OR medical doctor
MG Myasthenia Gravis
RA Rheunmatoid Arthritis
THA Total Hip Artroplasty
Trx OR Tx Traction(like a tractor, it pulls)
THR Total Hip Replacement
TKA Total Knee Arthroplasty
TKR Total Knee Replacement
AKA Above The Knee Amputation
BKA Below The Knee Amputation
DTR Deep Tendon Reflexes
DJD Degenerative Joint Disease
LS spine Lumbosacral spine X-ray
Ortho Orthopedics (straight)
ORIF Open Reduction AND internal fixation
Open reduction To align a fracture(FX)using surgery
Closed reduction To align a fracture(FX)without surgery
Manipulation(Manipulate) To adjust OR move
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography(SPECT) A very sensitive nuclear medicine recording of a bone
Closed or simple A bone is broken with no open wound to the skin
Open OR compound A bone is broken with an open wound through the skin
Impacted One bone is driven into another
Spiral A bone is twisted apart
Oblique A slanted fracture(FX)
Displaced The ends of a fractured bone are not in alignment
Non-displaced The ends of a fractured bone are in alignment
Comminuted A splintered(shattered)fracture(FX)
Greenstick A bone is broken on one side AND bent on the other side
Transverse The fracture(FX)runs across the shaft of a bone
Incomplete The fracture(FX)does not run completly across the shaft of a bone
Hairline A fracture(FX) of a bone causing a crack the size of a hair
Colle's OR dinner(sliver)fork A fracture(FX)of a distal radius
Compression When one bone is crushed(sandwiched)between two two others (commonly occurs with vertebrae)
Boxer's A fracture of a metacarpal
Complicated A fractured bone is driven into an organ
Pathological A fracture(FX)caused by a disease
Immobilization(immoblilze) To prevent movement(cast)
Created by: BLM1095